Ammunition - General

 

Publication Title:                   Ammunition, General
Publication/revision date:    30 SEP 1993
Technical Manual:                TM 9-1300-200
   Supersedes:                      TM 9-1900, TO 11A-1-20, JUN 1956
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

 

CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL
Section I. Introduction ....................................................................................................................1-1 1-1
II. General discussion .........................................................................................................1-3 1-1
CHAPTER 2. EXPLOSIVE AND CHEMICAL AGENTS
Section I. Solid propellants ............................................................................................................2-1 2-1
II. Liquid propellants ...........................................................................................................2-7 2-5
III. Low explosives ............................................................................................................2-11 2-6
IV. High explosives ............................................................................................................2-15 2-11
V. Chemical agents ..........................................................................................................2-19 2-19
CHAPTER 3. SMALL ARMS AMMUNITION ........................................................................................3-1 3-1
4. ARTILLERY AMMUNITION
Section I. General ..........................................................................................................................4-1 4-1
II. Complete rounds ............................................................................................................4-5 4-3
III. Fuzes ...........................................................................................................................4-12 4-18
IV. Practice, dummy, blank and subcaliber ammunition .....................................................4-15 4-26
V. Precautions ..................................................................................................................4-19 4-29
VI. Packing and marking ...................................................................................................4-21 4-30
CHAPTER 5. ROCKETS
Section I. Introduction ....................................................................................................................5-1 5-1
II. Complete round .............................................................................................................5-5 5-3
III. Warhead ........................................................................................................................5-7 5-3
IV. Motor ............................................................................................................................5-13 5-4
V. Launchers .....................................................................................................................5-15 5-6
VI. Fuzes...........................................................................................................................5-17 5-6
VII. Identification and packing..............................................................................................5-19 5-7
VIII. Shoulder-fired rockets ..................................................................................................5-29 5-11
IX. Ground-to-ground rockets ............................................................................................5-23 5-13
X. Aircraft rockets .............................................................................................................5-25 5-12
XI. Precautions in storage and handling..............................................................................5-21 5-13
XII. Firing precautions ........................................................................................................5-27 5-14
CHAPTER 6. GRENADES
Section I. Introduction ....................................................................................................................6-1 6-1
II. Hand grenades ...............................................................................................................6-3 6-3
III. Rifle grenades ................................................................................................................6-4 6-6
IV. Identification and packing ...............................................................................................6-6 6-12
V. Precautions in storage and handling ...............................................................................6-7 6-15
VI. Precautions in firing .......................................................................................................6-9 6-15
CHAPTER 7. LAND MINES..................................................................................................................7-1 7-1
8. DEMOLITION MATERIALS ...........................................................................................8-1 8-1
9. PYROTECHNICS ..........................................................................................................9-1 9-1
10. BOMBS ................................................................................................................................ DELETED
CHAPTER 11. SCATTERABLE MINES
Section I. Introduction ..................................................................................................................11-1 11-1
II. Mine dispersing subsystem, aircraft: M56 .....................................................................11-3 11-1
CHAPTER 12. GUIDED MISSILES .....................................................................................................12-1 12-1
13. PROPELLANT ACTUATED DEVICES..........................................................................13-1 13-1
APPENDIX...................................................................................................................................................................A-1
INDEX....................................................................................................................................................................Index 1
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure No. Title Page
1-1 Color identification of typical pyrotechnic items .................................................................................... 1-4
1-2 Deleted
1-3 Color identification and typical marking of packing boxes and fiber containers .................................. 1-11
2-1 Shapes and forms of propellant grains ................................................................................................ 2-2
2-2 Relative sizes of propellant grains ....................................................................................................... 2-2
2-3 Burning of propellant grains.................................................................................................................. 2-3
2-4 Progressive burning of propellant grains (multiperforated) ................................................................... 2-3
2-5 Ball powder X25 ................................................................................................................................. 2-4
2-6 Explosive trains-artillery ammunition ................................................................................................... 2-7
2-7 Detonating wave amplified by use of a booster ................................................................................. 2-12
2-8 Schematic arrangements of explosive train components ................................................................... 2-14
3-1 Typical cartridge (sectioned) ................................................................................................................ 3-1
3-2 7.62-mm bullets (sectioned) ................................................................................................................ 3-2
3-3 5.56-mm and caliber .50 spotter-tracer bullets (sectioned) ................................................................... 3-3
3-4 Caliber .30 bullets (sectioned) .............................................................................................................. 3-4
3-5 7.62-mm cartridges .............................................................................................................................. 3-5
3-6 5.56-mm cartridges .............................................................................................................................. 3-6
3-7 Caliber .30 cartridges .......................................................................................................................... 3-7
3-8 Caliber .30 carbine and caliber .45 cartridges ...................................................................................... 3-8
3-9 Caliber .50 cartridges .......................................................................................................................... 3-9
3-10 20-mm cartridges .............................................................................................................................. 3-10
3-11 Typical 30-mm cartridges .................................................................................................................. 3-11
3-12 Caliber .22 cartridges ......................................................................................................................... 3-12
3-13 Caliber .38 cartridges ......................................................................................................................... 3-13
3-14 12-gage shotgun shells ...................................................................................................................... 3-14
3-15 Linked 7.62-mm cartridges ................................................................................................................ 3-14
3-16 Links for caliber .30 and caliber .50 ammunition ................................................................................ 3-15
3-17 Bandoleer, magazines, filler and clips ................................................................................................ 3-16
3-18 Cartridges in 20-round cartons in ammunition box ............................................................................. 3-17
3-19 Cartridges, link belt, cartons, bandoleers and ammunition box .......................................................... 3-18
3-20 Ammunition boxes in wire bound box ................................................................................................ 3-18
4-1 Types of complete rounds ................................................................................................................... 4-2
4-2 High-explosive projectile ..................................................................................................................... 4-4
4-3 High-explosive rocket-assisted projectile ............................................................................................. 4-5
4-4 High-explosive antitank projectile......................................................................................................... 4-6
4-5 Burster chemical projectile .................................................................................................................. 4-7
4-6 BE chemical (smoke) projectiles ......................................................................................................... 4-8
4-6.1 155-mm projectile, HE, M483A1 ....................................................................................................... 4-8.1
4-6.2 Warhead M251 ............................................................................................................................... 4-8.2
4-6.3 Typical CBU .................................................................................................................................... 4-8.2
4-6.4 Dual purpose munition ..................................................................................................................... 4-8.3
4-7 Illuminating projectiles ......................................................................................................................... 4-9
4-8 Armor-piercing projectile .................................................................................................................... 4-10
4-9 Armor-piercing capped cartridge ....................................................................................................... 4-11
4-10 Antipersonnel (APERS) cartridge ...................................................................................................... 4-12
4-11 Canister cartridge .............................................................................................................................. 4-13
4-12 Flash reducer ................................................................................................................................... 4-13
4-13 Propellant temperature indicator with thermometer ........................................................................... 4-14
4-14 Percussion primer ............................................................................................................................. 4-15
4-15 Combination electric and percussion primer ...................................................................................... 4-16
4-16 Burster charge .................................................................................................................................. 4-16
4-17 Booster charge.................................................................................................................................. 4-17
4-18 Base-detonating fuze ........................................................................................................................ 4-19
4-19 Point-initiating, base-detonating fuze ................................................................................................. 4-20
4-20 Point-detonating fuze ........................................................................................................................ 4-21
4-21 Impact fuze ...................................................................................................................................... 4-22
4-22 Time fuse, powder train ...................................................................................................................4-23
4-23 Time fuse, gear trains ......................................................................................................................4-24
4-24 Proximity fuses ...............................................................................................................................4-25
4-25 Concrete-piercing fuse .....................................................................................................................4-26
4-26 Recoilless rifle, target practice cartridge...........................................................................................4-26
4-27 Mortar target practice cartridge ........................................................................................................4-27
4-28 (Deleted)
4-29 (Deleted)
4-30 (Deleted)
4-31 (Deleted)
4-32 (Deleted)
4-33 (Deleted)
4-34 Dummy projectile .............................................................................................................................4-28
4-35 Blank cartridge ................................................................................................................................4-28
4-36 (Deleted)
4-37 Typical wooden packing box ............................................................................................................4-31
5-1 Principles of rocket propulsion.......................................................................................................... 5-2
5-2 Major components of rocket motor ................................................................................................... 5-4
5-3 Packaging of small, complete round rocket ...................................................................................... 5-7
5-4 Typical rocket motor container for large motor ................................................................................. 5-8
5-5 Typical warhead container for large warhead.................................................................................... 5-8
5-6 Hermetically sealed container for proximity fuze .............................................................................. 5-9
5-7 Metal container for proximity fuze .................................................................................................... 5-9
5-8 Wooden packing box for proximity fuzes.......................................................................................... 5-9
5-9 Exterior and cross section of 66-mm LAW rocket .............................................................................5-10
5-10 6mm LAW system...........................................................................................................................5-10
5-11 Typical 1.6-lnch rocket .....................................................................................................................5-11
5-12 Long range, ground-to-ground rocket................................................................................................5-12
5-13 Typical 2.75-inch aircraft rocket .......................................................................................................5-13
6-1 Representative grenades ................................................................................................................. 6-2
6-2 Hand grenade types ......................................................................................................................... 6-4
6-3 Illuminating hand grenade ................................................................................................................ 6-5
6-4 Hand grenade simulator ................................................................................................................... 6-5
6-5 Grenade launcher ............................................................................................................................ 6-6
6-6 Grenade cartridge ............................................................................................................................ 6-7
6-7 Projection adapter ............................................................................................................................ 6-8
6-8 HEAT rifle grenade .......................................................................................................................... 6-9
6-9 Burning-type (colored smoke) rifle grenade ......................................................................................6-10
6-10 Bursting-type (WP smoke) rifle grenade...........................................................................................6-11
6-11 Typical fiber container for rifle grenade ............................................................................................6-12
6-12 Typical packing boxes for grenades .................................................................................................6-14
7-1 Representative types of land mines.................................................................................................. 7-2
7-2 APERS mine ready for firing-A, by observer; B, by enemy ............................................................... 7-3
7-3 Typical bounding-type practice APERS mine ................................................................................... 7-4
7-3.1 Typical Nonmetallic practice APEAS mine, M17 .............................................................................. 7-4.1
7-4 Nonmetallic APERS mine ................................................................................................................ 7-5
7-5 Heavy AT mine ............................................................................................................................... 7-5
7-6 Heavy AT mine with fuse installed (cross section) ............................................................................ 7-6
7-7 AT mine activator............................................................................................................................ 7-6
7-8 Nonmetallic AT mine and fuse ......................................................................................................... 7-7
7-9 Light AT mine and fuse .................................................................................................................... 7-8
7-10 Off-route AT mine ............................................................................................................................ 7-8
7-11 Practice heavy AT mine ................................................................................................................... 7-9
7-12 Insert light AT mine and Inert fuze.................................................................................................... 7-9
7-13 Installation of a boobytrapped AT mine ............................................................................................ 7-9
7-14 Incendiary burster ............................................................................................................................7-10
7-15 Representative methods of using firing devices in boobytrap installation..........................................7-11
7-16 Packing box for APERS mine...........................................................................................................7-12
7-17 Packing box for APERS practice mine and replacement parts..........................................................7-12
7-18 Heave AT mine as shipped ..............................................................................................................7-12
7-19 Metal packing box for 8 AT mines and 8 AT mine fuzes or 12 light AT
practice mine without fuzes ..............................................................................................................7-12
8-1 Tetryol demolition block ................................................................................................................... 8-2
8-2 Plastic demolition charges................................................................................................................ 8-3
8-3 Composition C4 block charge........................................................................................................... 8-3
No. Title Page
8-4 Cratering-type block demolition charge .........................................................................................8-4
8-5 15-Pound shaped demolition charge .............................................................................................8-5
8-6 40-Pound shaped demolition charge ............................................................................................8-5
8-7 8-Second delay friction detonator ..................................................................................................8-7
8-8 8-Second delay friction detonator ..................................................................................................8-7
8-8 15-Second delay friction detonator ................................................................................................8-7
8-9 8-Second delay percussion detonator............................................................................................8-8
8-10 15-Second delay percussion detonator..........................................................................................8-9
8-11 Universal explosive destructor ......................................................................................................8-9
8-12 Explosive destructor.....................................................................................................................8-10
8-13 Friction tinge blasting fuse igniter ..................................................................................................8-11
8-14 Weatherproof time-blasting fuse igniter.........................................................................................8-11
8-15 Time blasting fuse (safety fuse).....................................................................................................8-12
8-16 Time blasting fuse.........................................................................................................................8-12
8-17 Typical detonating cord .................................................................................................................8-13
8-18 Delay-type demolition firing device................................................................................................8-13
8-19 Pressure-type demolition firing device...........................................................................................8-14
8-20 Pull-release type demolition firing device ......................................................................................8-14
8-21 Pull-type demolition firing device...................................................................................................8-15
8-22 Pressure-release type demolition firing device ..............................................................................8-15
8-23 Release-type demolition firing device............................................................................................8-16
8-24 Percussion primer .........................................................................................................................8-16
8-25 Blasting caps................................................................................................................................8-16
8-26 Use of explosive priming adapter ..................................................................................................8-17
8-27 Bangalore torpedo demolition kit ...................................................................................................8-19
8-28 Earth rod explosive kit...................................................................................................................8-20
8-29 Demolition charge assembly .........................................................................................................8-21
8-30 Demolition priming assembly ........................................................................................................8-21
8-31 Projected charge demolition kit-arrangements of components in case...........................................8-22
8-32 Projected charge demolition kit-laying cable over antipersonnel mine fields ..................................8-23
8-33 Typical projected charge (rigid type) being pushed by a medium tank ...........................................8-24
8-34 Linear projected charge.................................................................................................................8-25
8-35 Linear projected charge (cover removed) ......................................................................................8-25
9-1 Types and comparative sizes of military pyrotechnics ...................................................................9-2
9-2 Representative ignition train..........................................................................................................9-4
9-3 Aircraft parachute (illuminating) flare.............................................................................................9-5
9-4 Aircraft parachute flare with shade ................................................................................................9-6
9-5 Airport flare ..................................................................................................................................9-8
9-6 Surface trip flare ...........................................................................................................................9-9
9-7 Guide flare ...................................................................................................................................9-10
9-8 Ramjet engine igniter ....................................................................................................................9-11
9-9 Aircraft signal patterns ..................................................................................................................9-12
9-10 Handheld marine smoke signal .....................................................................................................9-13
9-11 High drift signal .............................................................................................................................9-14
9-12 Aircraft float light..........................................................................................................................9-15
9-13 Grenade-launcher ground signal ...................................................................................................9-16
9-14 Rocket-propelled ground signal .....................................................................................................9-17
9-15 Air burst simulator .........................................................................................................................9-18
9-16 Boobytrap simulator ......................................................................................................................9-18
9-17 Ground burst simulator..................................................................................................................9-19
9-18 Artillery flash simulator..................................................................................................................9-20
9-19 Hand grenade simulator ................................................................................................................9-20.1
9-20 Explosive simulator......................................................................................................................9-20.1
9-21 Packing box for ground signals......................................................................................................9-20.2
9-22 Packing box for aircraft signals .....................................................................................................9-20.2
10-1 thru 10-26 ....................................................................................................................................................Deleted
11-1 Sequence of mine functioning ........................................................................................................... 11-1
11-2 Mine dispersing subsystem, aircraft: M56 .......................................................................................... 11-2
11-3 Canister assembly ............................................................................................................................. 11-2
11-4 Mine dispersing subsystem, aircraft: M56 mounted on UH-1H helicopter
(the struts, pylon assembly, pylon support, and support assembly comprise the
multi-armament kit) ............................................................................................................................ 11-3
11-5 Shipping and storage container CNU-79/E ......................................................................................... 11-4
11-6 Mine canister shipping and storage container M602 (as used in reload kit) ........................................ 11-5
11-7 Mine dispersing subsystem, M56 dispenser (DISP) control panel ...................................................... 11-7
12-1 Typical guided missile showing location of components .................................................................... 12-1
12-2 High explosive fragmentation warhead............................................................................................... 12-4
12-3 Safety and arming device .................................................................................................................. 12-5
13-1 Explosive embedment anchor ........................................................................................................... 13-2
13-2 Mechanically fired cutter ................................................................................................................... 13-3
13-3 Electrically fired cutter ....................................................................................................................... 13-4
13-4 Parachute ejector .............................................................................................................................. 13-4
13-5 Stores ejector cartridge ..................................................................................................................... 13-5
13-6 Fire extinguisher cartridges ............................................................................................................... 13-6
13-7 Cable cutter cartridges ...................................................................................................................... 13-6
13-8 Escape system cartridge set .............................................................................................................. 13-7
13-9 Training catapult cartridge.................................................................................................................. 13-7
13-10 Parachute release delay cartridge ..................................................................................................... 13-7

Media Format
 $12.00 USD

HOME
COPYRIGHT ©2003-2005 www.militarypubs.com