Publication Title:                   HBCT Fires and Effects Operations
Publication/revision date:    15 APR 2005
Field Manual:                        FMI 3-09.42
   Supersedes:                      none (Field Manual - Interim; Expires 15 APR 2007)
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
PREFACE.............................................................................................................vii
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................viii
SECTION I – PURPOSE.....................................................................................viii
SECTION II – TRANSFORMING TO MEET OPERATIONAL
REQUIREMENTS................................................................................................viii
WE ARE A NATION AT WAR ............................................................................. viii
DELIVERING THE RIGHT ARMY FORCES......................................................... ix
SECTION III – A TOTAL ORGANIZATIONAL REDESIGN .................................xi
MODULARITY ....................................................................................................... xi
SECTION IV – THE NEW ARMY FORCES........................................................xvi
UEY...................................................................................................................... xvi
UEX..................................................................................................................... xvii
HEAVY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM DESCRIPTION.......................................... xix
THE FOCUS OF THIS MANUAL IS THE FIRES BATTALION AND FIRES
AND EFFECTS ORGANIZATIONS WITHIN THE HBCT.................................. xxvi
CHAPTER 1 MISSION/ORGANIZATIONS AND KEY PERSONNEL RESPONSIBILITIES.. 1-1
SECTION I – MISSION ...................................................................................... 1-1
BASIC TASKS.................................................................................................... 1-1
SECTION II – RESPONSIBILITY OF KEY PERSONNEL ................................ 1-5
COMMAND SECTION........................................................................................ 1-6
BATTALION OPERATIONS SECTION............................................................ 1-11
BATTALION FIRE DIRECTION CENTER (FDC)............................................. 1-14
CHAPTER 2 FIRES BATTALION COMMAND AND CONTROL........................................... 2-1
SECTION I – GENERAL.................................................................................... 2-1
CONCEPT OF BATTLE COMMAND ................................................................. 2-1
SECTION II – COMMAND AND CONTROL (C2).............................................. 2-2
SECTION III – COMMAND AND SUPPORT RELATIONSHIPS....................... 2-2
TACTICAL MISSIONS........................................................................................ 2-4
SECTION IV – COMMAND, CONTROL, COMMUNICATIONS,
COMPUTERS AND INFORMATION (C4I) ARCHITECTURE........................... 2-6
ARMY BATTLE COMMAND SYSTEMS (ABCS)............................................... 2-6
OPERATIONS.................................................................................................... 2-8
GENERAL COMMUNICATIONS INFORMATION ............................................. 2-8
ECHELONS OF COMMAND.............................................................................. 2-8
BATTLE AREA ................................................................................................... 2-9
RADIO COMMUNICATION OPERATIONS ..................................................... 2-10
INTERNAL/EXTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS NETS ...................................... 2-11
CHAPTER 3 COMMAND POST OPERATIONS (CP) ............................................................ 3-1
SECTION I – THE FIRES BATTALION COMMAND POST (CP) ..................... 3-1
SECTION II – TOC ORGANIZATION................................................................ 3-4
TOC ORGANIZATION........................................................................................ 3-4
TOC BATTLE STAFF ORGANIZATION ............................................................ 3-7
SECTION III – TOC CONFIGURATION ............................................................ 3-8
SECTION IV – TOC INFORMATION MANAGEMENT...................................... 3-9
MANAGEMENT OF TACTICAL INFORMATION............................................... 3-9
SECTION V – TOC POSITIONING AND MOVEMENT................................... 3-14
TOC POSITIONING CONSIDERATIONS........................................................ 3-14
CHAPTER 4 FIRES BATTALION TARGET ACQUISITION SYSTEMS ................................ 4-1
SECTION I – RADAR EMPLOYMENT.............................................................. 4-1
COMMAND RELATIONSHIPS........................................................................... 4-1
SECTORS OF SEARCH.................................................................................... 4-2
ZONES ............................................................................................................... 4-2
ZONE MANAGEMENT....................................................................................... 4-4
COMMON SENSOR BOUNDARY..................................................................... 4-7
CUEING.............................................................................................................. 4-8
TARGET ACQUISITION RADAR ROLE DURING OFFENSIVE
OPERATIONS.................................................................................................. 4-10
TARGET ACQUISITION RADAR ROLE DURING DEFENSIVE
OPERATIONS.................................................................................................. 4-10
TARGET ACQUISITION RADAR ROLE DURING STABILITY OPERATIONS
AND SUPPORT OPERATIONS....................................................................... 4-11
RADAR TASKING PROCEDURES.................................................................. 4-11
SECTION II – UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE OPERATIONS ..................... 4-11
SECTION III – COUNTERSTRIKE OPERATIONS.......................................... 4-12
UEx COUNTERSTRIKE OPERATIONS .......................................................... 4-12
HBCT OPERATIONS ....................................................................................... 4-14
SECTION IV – COLT EMPLOYMENT............................................................. 4-15
MISSION........................................................................................................... 4-15
OPERATIONS.................................................................................................. 4-16
CHAPTER 5 FIRES BATTALION LOGISTICS OPERATIONS.............................................. 5-1
SECTION I – ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS........................................... 5-1
FORWARD SUPPORT COMPANY ................................................................... 5-2
MAINTENANCE CONCEPTS ............................................................................ 5-5
SECTION II – FIRES BATTALION TRAINS...................................................... 5-5
UNIT TRAINS..................................................................................................... 5-5
DUAL TRAINS.................................................................................................... 5-6
COMBAT TRAINS.............................................................................................. 5-6
UNIT MAINTENANCE CONTROL POINT (UMCP)........................................... 5-7
FIRES BATTALION SUPPORT AREA (FBSA).................................................. 5-7
LOGISTICS PACKAGE (LOGPAC) OPERATIONS........................................... 5-8
SECTION III – LOGISTICS SUPPORT PLANNING.......................................... 5-9
CHAPTER 6 FIRES AND EFFECTS ORGANIZATIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES............ 6-1
SECTION I – FIRES AND EFFECTS ORGANIZATIONS ................................. 6-1
FIRES AND EFFECTS CELL (FEC) .................................................................. 6-1
SECTION II – FIRES AND EFFECTS KEY PERSONNEL
RESPONSIBILITIES .......................................................................................... 6-6
EFFECTS COORDINATOR (ECOORD)............................................................ 6-6
FIRES AND EFFECTS OPERATIONS NCO..................................................... 6-7
ASSISTANT EFFECTS COORDINATOR.......................................................... 6-7
PLANS AND TARGETING BATTLE CAPTAIN.................................................. 6-7
TARGETING OFFICER...................................................................................... 6-8
TARGET ANALYST NCO/TARGETING NCOs.................................................. 6-8
FIRE SUPPORT SPECIALIST ........................................................................... 6-8
INFORMATION OPERATIONS COORDINATOR (IOCOORD)......................... 6-9
CIVIL AFFAIRS (CA) OFFICER ......................................................................... 6-9
ELECTRONIC ATTACK (EA) OFFICER.......................................................... 6-10
PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS (PSYOP) NCO......................................... 6-10
LEGAL OFFICER ............................................................................................. 6-10
JOINT AND ARMY AUGMENTATION TO THE FEC ...................................... 6-11
AIR FORCE TACTICAL AIR CONTROL PARTY (TACP)................................ 6-11
NAVAL SURFACE FIRE SUPPORT (NSFS) LNO .......................................... 6-11
US MARINE CORPS (USMC) LNO ................................................................. 6-11
SECTION III – RESPONSIBILITIES OF SUBORDINATE FIRES CELLS...... 6-12
BATTALION/SQUADRON FIRES CELLS (FC) ............................................... 6-12
SECTION IV – RESPONSIBILITIES OF FIRE SUPPORT TEAMS ................ 6-13
COMPANY/TROOP FIRE SUPPORT TEAMS (FISTS)................................... 6-13
CHAPTER 7 THE HBCT FIRES AND EFFECTS SYSTEM.................................................... 7-1
SECTION I – C2 FACILITIES AND SYSTEMS................................................. 7-1
COMMAND AND CONTROL FACILITIES......................................................... 7-1
COMMAND GROUP .......................................................................................... 7-1
HBCT TACTICAL COMMAND POST (TAC CP)................................................ 7-2
HBCT MAIN COMMAND POST......................................................................... 7-3
CURRENT OPERATIONS CELL ....................................................................... 7-4
PLANS CELL...................................................................................................... 7-4
FIRES AND EFFECTS CELL (FEC) .................................................................. 7-4
ISR CELL............................................................................................................ 7-4
MANEUVER SUPPORT CELL........................................................................... 7-4
AIR DEFENSE CELL.......................................................................................... 7-5
BRIGADE AVIATION ELEMENT ....................................................................... 7-5
COMMAND, CONTROL, COMPUTERS, COMMUNICATIONS (C4)
NETWORK ......................................................................................................... 7-5
INTELLIGENCE.................................................................................................. 7-8
TARGETING....................................................................................................... 7-9
ISR INTEGRATION TEAM................................................................................. 7-9
ARTILLERY TARGET INTELLIGENCE ........................................................... 7-10
SECTION II – RECONNAISSANCE, SURVEILLANCE AND TARGET
ACQUISITION .................................................................................................. 7-10
ARMED RECONNAISSANCE SQUADRON.................................................... 7-10
RECONNAISSANCE AND SURVEILLANCE (R&S)........................................ 7-10
TARGET ACQUISITION (TA)........................................................................... 7-11
SECTION III – LETHAL FIRE SUPPORT AND NON-LETHAL FIRES AND
EFFECTS ......................................................................................................... 7-12
AND EFFECTS................................................................................................. 7-12
ORGANIC HBCT LETHAL FIRE SUPPORT.................................................... 7-13
INFORMATION OPERATIONS (IO) ................................................................ 7-13
ELEMENTS OF INFORMATION OPERATIONS ............................................. 7-14
OPERATIONS SECURITY............................................................................... 7-14
PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS (PSYOP) .................................................. 7-15
MILITARY DECEPTION................................................................................... 7-15
ELECTRONIC WARFARE (EW) ...................................................................... 7-15
COMPUTER NETWORK OPERATIONS (CNO) ............................................. 7-16
PHYSICAL DESTRUCTION............................................................................. 7-17
INFORMATION ASSURANCE (IA) .................................................................. 7-17
PHYSICAL SECURITY..................................................................................... 7-17
COUNTERINTELLIGENCE.............................................................................. 7-17
COUNTERPROPAGANDA .............................................................................. 7-17
INFORMATION OPERATIONS RELATED ACTIVITIES ................................. 7-18
PUBLIC AFFAIRS (PA) .................................................................................... 7-18
CIVIL-MILITARY OPERATIONS (CMO) .......................................................... 7-18
OFFENSIVE INFORMATION OPERATIONS.................................................. 7-18
DEFENSIVE INFORMATION OPERATIONS.................................................. 7-19
RELATIONSHIP OF OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE INFORMATION
OPERATIONS.................................................................................................. 7-20
CHAPTER 8 FIRES AND EFFECTS PLANNING, COORDINATION AND SYNCHRONIZATION8-1
SECTION I – FIRES AND EFFECTS PLANNING............................................. 8-1
PLANNING AND THE MILITARY DECISION-MAKING PROCESS.................. 8-1
PLANNING WITH AFATDS................................................................................ 8-9
SECTION II – FIRES AND EFFECTS COORDINATION ................................ 8-10
LETHAL EFFECTS COORDINATION ............................................................. 8-11
CLEARANCE OF FIRES.................................................................................. 8-12
MANEUVER CONTROL MEASURES ............................................................. 8-12
FIRE SUPPORT COORDINATING MEASURES (FSCM)............................... 8-12
PRECLEARANCE ............................................................................................ 8-12
CLEARANCE OF FIRES DRILL....................................................................... 8-13
AFATDS AND CLEARANCE OF FIRES.......................................................... 8-13
TARGET PROCESSING GUIDANCE’S AFFECTING COORDINATION........ 8-13
PRECLEARANCE ............................................................................................ 8-13
NONLETHAL FIRES AND EFFECTS COORDINATION................................. 8-14
SECTION III – FIRES AND EFFECTS SYNCHRONIZATION ........................ 8-14
SYNCHRONIZATION TOOLS.......................................................................... 8-14
CHAPTER 9 ARMY ECHELONS ABOVE THE HBCT AND JOINT FIRES AND EFFECTS
PLANNING AND COORDINATION................................................................... 9-1
SECTION I – CLOSE AIR SUPPORT (CAS) .................................................... 9-1
CAS ORGANIZATION AND KEY PERSONNEL RESPONSIBILITIES ............. 9-1
CONDITIONS FOR EFFECTIVE CAS............................................................... 9-2
CAS PLANNING AND COORDINATION........................................................... 9-3
CAS EXECUTION .............................................................................................. 9-6
SECTION II – NAVAL SURFACE FIRE SUPPORT (NSFS)............................. 9-8
GENERAL MISSION .......................................................................................... 9-8
TACTICAL MISSIONS........................................................................................ 9-8
NAVAL GUNFIRE SUPPORT PERSONNEL..................................................... 9-9
NAVAL GUNFIRE CAPABILITIES ..................................................................... 9-9
NAVAL GUNFIRE LIMITATIONS....................................................................... 9-9
SECTION III – ARMY AVIATION, AIR-GROUND INTEGRATION ................. 9-10
MISSION PLANNING....................................................................................... 9-11
AIR-GROUND INTEGRATION COORDINATION PROCEDURES................. 9-11
CLOSE COMBAT............................................................................................. 9-13
CLOSE COMBAT ATTACK.............................................................................. 9-14
ENGAGEMENT................................................................................................ 9-16
SECTION IV – JOINT AIR ATTACK TEAM (JAAT) ....................................... 9-17
PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS...................................................................... 9-17
PREPARATION................................................................................................ 9-19
EXECUTION..................................................................................................... 9-19
CHAPTER 10 FIRES AND EFFECTS IN STABILITY OPERATIONS AND SUPPORT
OPERATIONS.................................................................................................. 10-1
SECTION I – GENERAL GUIDELINES........................................................... 10-1
SECTION II – STABILITY OPERATIONS....................................................... 10-1
DESCRIPTION................................................................................................. 10-2
STABILITY IMPERATIVES .............................................................................. 10-2
FIRE SUPPORT CONSIDERATIONS ............................................................. 10-2
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS............................................................................ 10-3
SECTION III – SUPPORT OPERATIONS ....................................................... 10-4
DESCRIPTION................................................................................................. 10-4
SUPPORT IMPERATIVES............................................................................... 10-4
FIRE SUPPORT CONSIDERATIONS ............................................................. 10-5
Appendix A FIELD PROCESSING DETAINEES ..................................................................A-1
Appendix B MEDIA ON THE BATTLEFIELD........................................................................B-1
Appendix C DIGITAL COMMAND AND CONTROL REHEARSAL......................................C-1
GLOSSARY..........................................................................................Glossary-1
REFERENCES..................................................................................References-1
Figures
Figure Intro-1, Today’s Army..................................................................................................... x
Figure Intro-2, Restructuring Today’s Army ..............................................................................xi
Figure Intro-3, Modularity and the Army’s Need to Change.....................................................xii
Figure Intro-4, UEy and UEx ...................................................................................................xiii
Figure Intro-5, From Divisions to Brigades..............................................................................xiv
Figure Intro-6, UEy Organization, General..............................................................................xvi
Figure Intro-7, UEx Organization............................................................................................ xvii
Figure Intro-8, Heavy BCT.......................................................................................................xix
Figure Intro-9, Fires Brigade....................................................................................................xxi
Figure Intro-10, UEx Aviation Brigade.................................................................................... xxii
Figure Intro-11, BFSB Brigade .............................................................................................. xxiii
Figure Intro-12, Maneuver Enhancement Brigade ................................................................ xxiv
Figure Intro-13, Sustainment Brigade ....................................................................................xxv
Figure 1-1, Fires Battalion Organization.................................................................................1-2
Figure 1-2, Firing Battery Organization ..................................................................................1-3
Figure 1-3, Headquarters and Headquarters Battery.............................................................1-4
Figure 1-4, Forward Support Company..................................................................................1-5
Figure 3-1, Fires Battalion TOC Array....................................................................................3-8
Figure 4-1, Censor Zone. .......................................................................................................4-4
Figure 4-2, Common Sensor Boundary..................................................................................4-8
Figure 4-3, Integrated Counterstrike Operations..................................................................4-14
Figure 4-4, HBCT Counterfire Operations............................................................................4-15
Figure 5-1, Forward Support Company..................................................................................5-2
Figure 7-1, Elements of IO ...................................................................................................7-14
Figure 8-1, The Military Decision-Making Process.................................................................8-2
Figure 8-2, High-Payoff Target List ......................................................................................8-15
Figure 8-3, Example Target Selection Standards ................................................................8-16
Figure 9-1, Aviation Team Check-In.....................................................................................9-13
Figure 9-2, Modified 9-Line Message/Format ......................................................................9-15
Figure A-1, DA Form 4137, Evidence/property Custody Document (Front) ..........................A-5
Figure A-2, DA Form 4137, Evidence/property Custody Document (Back)...........................A-6
Figure A-3, DD Form 2745, Enemy Prisoner of War (EPW) Capture Tag (Front) .................A-7
Figure A-4, DD Form 2745, Enemy Prisoner of War (EPW) Capture Tag (Back) .................A-8
Figure C-1, Example of Equipment Listing for DC2R Functions Check................................ C-2
Figure C-2, Example of ABCS Functions Check of Messages Between Systems ............... C-3
Figure C-3, Example of ABCS Checks at the Battalion Level............................................... C-4
Tables
Table 2-1, Field Artillery Command Relationships .................................................................2-3
Table 5-1, Combat Trains and FBSA Example ......................................................................5-6
Table 6-1, HBCT Fires and Effects Cell (FEC).......................................................................6-2
Table 6-2, Maneuver Battalion/Squadron Level.....................................................................6-5
Table 6-5, Infantry Fire Support Team ...................................................................................6-6
Table 6-6, Brigade COLTS.....................................................................................................6-6
Table 7-1, HBCT Lethal Fire Support Capabilities ...............................................................7-13
Table 8-1, Fires and Effects MDMP .......................................................................................8-8
Table 8-2, Example Attack Guidance Matrix ........................................................................8-16
Table 8-3, Example Lethal Targeting Synchronization Matrix..............................................8-17
Table 8-4, Example Nonlethal Targeting Synchronization Matrix ........................................8-18
Table 9-1, Helicopter Engagement.......................................................................................9-14
Table A-1, 5 Ss and T Method of Detainee Field Processing ................................................A-2

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