Publication Title:                   UEx Aviation Brigade Organization, Training, and Operations
Publication/revision date:    26 APR 2005
Field Manual:                        FMI 3-04.101
   Supersedes:                      none (Field Manual - Interim; Expires 26 APR 2007)
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
PREFACE.........................................................................................................xviii
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................xix
Section I – Purpose ...........................................................................................xix
Interim Field Manuals .......................................................................................... xix
The Focus of This Manual is the UEx AVN BDE ................................................ xix
Section II – Transforming to Meet Operational Requirements .....................xix
We Are a Nation at War ...................................................................................... xix
Delivering the Right Army Forces......................................................................... xx
Section III – A Total Organizational Redesign...............................................xxii
Modularity ........................................................................................................... xxii
Section IV – The New Army Forces ...............................................................xxvi
UEy.................................................................................................................... xxvi
UEx....................................................................................................................xxvii
CHAPTER 1 UEx AVIATION BRIGADE ORGANIZATION, MISSIONS, AND FUNDAMENTALS
............................................................................................................................ 1-1
Section I – Aviation Brigade Overview........................................................... 1-1
Section II – Army Aviation Organizations ...................................................... 1-2
Aviation Organizations - General ....................................................................... 1-2
Aviation Brigades Types and Organizations ...................................................... 1-2
Section III – Brigade Aviation Element and Aviation Liason Teams........... 1-7
Brigade Aviation Element ................................................................................... 1-7
Aviation Liaison Teams ...................................................................................... 1-8
Section IV – Army Aviation Missions ............................................................. 1-9
Principles of Aviation Employment..................................................................... 1-9
Attack................................................................................................................ 1-10
Reconnaissance............................................................................................... 1-10
Security............................................................................................................. 1-11
Air Assault and Air Movement .......................................................................... 1-11
Command and Control ..................................................................................... 1-11
Medical Evacuation/Casualty Evacuation.........................................................1-11
Personnel Recovery..........................................................................................1-12
Downed Aircraft Recovery ................................................................................1-12
Rear Area Operations .......................................................................................1-12
Aerial Mine Delivery ..........................................................................................1-12
Aerial Sustainment............................................................................................1-12
Air Traffic Services............................................................................................1-13
Chapter 2 UEx AVIATION BRIGADE TRAINING FUNDAMENTALS ...............................2-1
Section I – Aviation Battle Focused Training.................................................2-1
Section II – Integration of Soldier, Leader, and Collective Training ............2-2
Aviator Leader Professional Development .........................................................2-2
Standardization Program ....................................................................................2-2
Aircrew Training Program ...................................................................................2-2
Training Progression...........................................................................................2-3
Gunnery ..............................................................................................................2-3
Supported and Supporting Unit Training ............................................................2-4
Section III – Aviation Training Management ..................................................2-4
The Training Process..........................................................................................2-5
Train to Sustain Proficiency ................................................................................2-5
Force Protection..................................................................................................2-6
Section IV – Aviation Maintenance..................................................................2-6
Maintenance Training .........................................................................................2-6
Section V – Responsibilities............................................................................2-7
UEy/UEx Commanders.......................................................................................2-7
Brigade Commanders .........................................................................................2-7
Battalion Commanders .......................................................................................2-7
Operations Officer...............................................................................................2-7
Company/Troop Commanders ...........................................................................2-8
Platoon Leaders..................................................................................................2-8
Safety Officers.....................................................................................................2-8
Standardization Officers......................................................................................2-8
Unit Trainers........................................................................................................2-8
Master Gunner ....................................................................................................2-8
Pilots in Command..............................................................................................2-9
Aviators ...............................................................................................................2-9
Chapter 3 BATTLESPACE FRAMEWORK........................................................................3-1
Section I – Key Operational Considerations ..................................................3-1
Introduction .........................................................................................................3-1
Decisive, Shaping, and Sustaining Operations ..................................................3-1
Decisive Operations............................................................................................3-1
Shaping Operations ............................................................................................3-2
Sustaining Operations.........................................................................................3-2
Area of Operations..............................................................................................3-2
Contiguous Area Of Operations..........................................................................3-3
Noncontiguous Area Of Operations....................................................................3-3
Nonlinear Operations ..........................................................................................3-3
Linear Operations ...............................................................................................3-4
Close Areas.........................................................................................................3-6
Deep Areas .........................................................................................................3-7
Rear Areas..........................................................................................................3-7
Rules of Engagement, Rules of Interaction ........................................................3-7
Section II – Battlefield Operating Systems and the Aviation Brigade.........3-8
Common Operational Picture............................................................................. 3-8
Common Operational Picture For Command Posts........................................... 3-8
Common Operational Picture For Aircrews........................................................ 3-8
Common Operational Picture For Advanced Aircraft......................................... 3-8
Situational Understanding .................................................................................. 3-9
Sources .............................................................................................................. 3-9
Intelligence Preparation Of The Battlefield......................................................... 3-9
Intelligence Templates ..................................................................................... 3-10
Templates And Asymmetric Forces ................................................................. 3-10
Doctrinal Template ........................................................................................... 3-10
Situation Template............................................................................................ 3-10
Event Template ................................................................................................ 3-10
Decision Support Template .............................................................................. 3-10
Intelligence, Surveillance, And Reconnaissance Plan ..................................... 3-11
Commander's Intent ......................................................................................... 3-11
Essential Elements Of Friendly Information ..................................................... 3-11
Commander’s Critical Information Requirements ............................................ 3-11
Priority Intelligence Requirements.................................................................... 3-12
Friendly Force Information Requirements........................................................ 3-12
Brigade Intelligence Operations ....................................................................... 3-12
Maneuver.......................................................................................................... 3-12
Aviation Brigade Maneuver .............................................................................. 3-12
Fire Support...................................................................................................... 3-13
Brigade Fire Support Operations...................................................................... 3-13
Air Defense....................................................................................................... 3-13
Active Air Defense............................................................................................ 3-14
Passive Air Defense ......................................................................................... 3-14
Stationary Units ................................................................................................ 3-14
Moving Units..................................................................................................... 3-15
Mobility/Countermobility/Survivability ............................................................... 3-15
Mobility.............................................................................................................. 3-15
Combat Service Support .................................................................................. 3-16
Command and Control ..................................................................................... 3-16
Section III– Operations................................................................................... 3-17
Characteristics of Operations........................................................................... 3-17
Section IV – Planning Considerations.......................................................... 3-17
Aircraft Considerations ..................................................................................... 3-18
Operational Limitations..................................................................................... 3-18
Security / Force Protection ............................................................................... 3-18
Fratricide Prevention ........................................................................................ 3-18
Logistics Support .............................................................................................. 3-19
Section V – Tactical Standing Operating Procedures Considerations..... 3-19
General............................................................................................................. 3-19
Benefits............................................................................................................. 3-19
Responsibility ................................................................................................... 3-20
Principles .......................................................................................................... 3-20
Chapter 4 BATTLE COMMAND......................................................................................... 4-1
Section I – General ........................................................................................... 4-1
Concept of Battle Command .............................................................................. 4-1
Section II – Command and Control................................................................. 4-2
Battle Command on the Move............................................................................ 4-2
Command and Control System .......................................................................... 4-3
Command and Support Relationships................................................................4-3
Section III – Planning........................................................................................4-6
Planning at the Brigade's Higher Headquarters .................................................4-7
Planning at the Aviation Brigade Headquarters..................................................4-7
Military Decision Making Process .......................................................................4-8
Troop Leading Procedures ...............................................................................4-10
Decide, Detect, Deliver, Assess Methodology..................................................4-10
Risk ManAgement.............................................................................................4-16
Aviation Mission Planning System....................................................................4-17
Battle Rhythm....................................................................................................4-19
Standing Operating Procedures Utilization.......................................................4-21
Section IV – Rehearsals .................................................................................4-22
General .............................................................................................................4-22
Rehearsal Sequence and Attendance..............................................................4-22
Rehearsal Question Resolution ........................................................................4-23
Conflict Resolution at the Rehearsal ................................................................4-24
Additional Rehearsals .......................................................................................4-24
Rehearsal Completion ......................................................................................4-24
Section V – End of Mission Debriefing and After Action Review ..............4-24
Mission Debrief .................................................................................................4-24
After Action Review...........................................................................................4-24
Section VI – Brigade Command and Control Facilities...............................4-25
General .............................................................................................................4-25
Main Command Post ........................................................................................4-27
Enemy Factors ..................................................................................................4-28
Tactical Operations Center ...............................................................................4-32
Administrative and Logistics Operations Center...............................................4-33
Tactical Command Post....................................................................................4-34
Brigade HQ Support Area .................................................................................4-35
Alternate Command Post..................................................................................4-35
Command Group ..............................................................................................4-35
Section VII – Command and Staff Responsibilities.....................................4-35
Brigade Commander.........................................................................................4-35
Brigade Executive Officer .................................................................................4-37
Brigade Command Sergeant Major ..................................................................4-37
Brigade Staff Elements .....................................................................................4-38
Brigade Personnel Section ...............................................................................4-39
Brigade Intelligence Section .............................................................................4-39
Brigade Operations Section..............................................................................4-40
Brigade Logistics Section..................................................................................4-43
Communications-Electronics Officer.................................................................4-44
Air Defense Airspace Management Officer (ADAM) ........................................4-44
Legal Officer......................................................................................................4-44
Brigade Standardization Instructor Pilot ...........................................................4-45
Safety Officer ....................................................................................................4-45
Brigade Chaplain ..............................................................................................4-45
Brigade Flight Surgeon .....................................................................................4-45
Air Force Weather Team...................................................................................4-46
Civil-Military Operations Officer ........................................................................4-46
Headquarters and Headquarters Company Elements......................................4-46
Section VIII – Battle Command Platform Operations ..................................4-47
Airborne Battle Command.................................................................................4-47
Army Airborne Command and Control System (A2C2S) .................................4-47
Features and Performance............................................................................... 4-49
Army Airborne Command and Control System Interfaces ............................... 4-49
Operation as a Ground Command Post........................................................... 4-49
Command and Control Mission Planning Considerations................................ 4-49
System Initialization.......................................................................................... 4-49
System Operator .............................................................................................. 4-50
Army Airborne Command and Control System Operator Manuals.................. 4-50
Information Flow ............................................................................................... 4-50
Battlefield Employment..................................................................................... 4-51
Covering Force and Deep Areas...................................................................... 4-51
Close Areas ...................................................................................................... 4-51
Rear Areas ....................................................................................................... 4-52
Stability and Support Operations...................................................................... 4-52
Ground Based Battle Command Platforms ...................................................... 4-52
Digital Command Post Layout.......................................................................... 4-53
Section IX – Managing Information In The Digital Command Post ........... 4-55
Individual Workstations .................................................................................... 4-55
Combat Information Center .............................................................................. 4-55
Large Screen Display ....................................................................................... 4-55
Data Display Management............................................................................... 4-56
Digital Staff Estimates ...................................................................................... 4-57
Digital Information Management ...................................................................... 4-57
Responsibility ................................................................................................... 4-59
Accuracy and Currency .................................................................................... 4-59
Dissemination................................................................................................... 4-59
Evaluation......................................................................................................... 4-60
Command Post Data Exchanges ..................................................................... 4-60
Data Exchange................................................................................................. 4-60
Analog Unit Interaction ..................................................................................... 4-62
Planning............................................................................................................ 4-62
Liaison Teams .................................................................................................. 4-63
Equipment Requirements................................................................................. 4-63
Command Post Army Battlefield Command Systems...................................... 4-63
Army Battlefield Communications System: ...................................................... 4-63
ABCS Collaboration Tools................................................................................ 4-65
ABCS Training Programs ................................................................................. 4-66
ABCS Applications ........................................................................................... 4-66
Army Battle Command System Components................................................... 4-66
Global Command and Control System—Army (GCCS-A) ............................... 4-66
Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2) ............................... 4-67
Tactical Airspace Integration System (TAIS) ................................................... 4-67
Digital Topographical Support System (DTSS)................................................ 4-68
Integrated Meteorological System (IMETS) ..................................................... 4-68
Army Tactical Command and Control System (ATCSS).................................. 4-68
Army Battle Command System and The Common Tactical Picture ................ 4-71
Section X – Management of Digital Command Post Personnel ................ 4-72
Battle Rosters ................................................................................................... 4-72
Shift Management ............................................................................................ 4-72
Battle Rhythm................................................................................................... 4-75
Battle Update Briefing....................................................................................... 4-75
Section XI – Digital Command Post Duties and Responsibilities ............. 4-76
Commander...................................................................................................... 4-76
Executive Officer .............................................................................................. 4-76
S1 ..................................................................................................................... 4-76
S2......................................................................................................................4-77
S3......................................................................................................................4-77
S4......................................................................................................................4-77
S6......................................................................................................................4-77
Mission Application Administrator.....................................................................4-78
Battle Captain/Battle Staff Noncommissioned Officer ......................................4-78
Battlefield Automated System Operators..........................................................4-79
Chapter 5 COMMON OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES .....................................................5-1
Section I – Fundamentals.................................................................................5-1
Time Required to Plan ........................................................................................5-1
Warning Order ....................................................................................................5-1
Commander’s Intent............................................................................................5-1
Types of Operations............................................................................................5-1
Common Terms ..................................................................................................5-3
Section II – Planning Considerations ...........................................................5-10
General .............................................................................................................5-10
Mission..............................................................................................................5-10
Enemy...............................................................................................................5-11
Terrain and Weather .........................................................................................5-12
Troops and Support Available...........................................................................5-13
Time Available...................................................................................................5-14
Civil Considerations ..........................................................................................5-14
Planning Models ...............................................................................................5-14
Brigade and Subordinate Planning Responsibilities.........................................5-15
Close and Mobile Strike Operations .................................................................5-23
Section III – Attack Missions.........................................................................5-23
General .............................................................................................................5-23
Forms of Attack.................................................................................................5-24
Types of Attacks................................................................................................5-24
Attack Missions accomplishment criteria ..........................................................5-25
Attack Employment Methods ............................................................................5-25
Section IV – Air-Ground Integration..............................................................5-26
Fundamentals ...................................................................................................5-26
Command and Control......................................................................................5-27
Air-Ground Control............................................................................................5-27
Section V – Operations in Asymmetric Environments................................5-27
Asymmetry ........................................................................................................5-27
Threat................................................................................................................5-27
Training .............................................................................................................5-28
Fratricide ...........................................................................................................5-28
Combat Service Support...................................................................................5-29
Command and Control......................................................................................5-29
Section VI – Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical...........................................5-29
Contamination Avoidance.................................................................................5-29
Protective Measures .........................................................................................5-29
Section VII – Special Environments..............................................................5-30
Urban Environment ...........................................................................................5-30
Mountains and High Altitudes ...........................................................................5-32
Snow, Ice, Extreme Cold Weather....................................................................5-32
Jungles..............................................................................................................5-32
Deserts..............................................................................................................5-33
Over-Water Operations.....................................................................................5-33
Smoke and Obscurants.................................................................................... 5-34
Section VIII – Airfield Operations.................................................................. 5-34
Airfield Management......................................................................................... 5-34
Air Traffic Services ........................................................................................... 5-35
Shipboard Operations ...................................................................................... 5-35
Chapter 6 EMPLOYING THE UEx AVIATION BRIGADE.................................................. 6-1
Section I – General ........................................................................................... 6-1
Section II – Heavy UEx Aviation Brigade ....................................................... 6-1
Overview............................................................................................................. 6-1
Task Organization Considerations ..................................................................... 6-1
How to Fight ....................................................................................................... 6-1
Section III – Light UEx Aviation Brigade........................................................ 6-3
Overview............................................................................................................. 6-3
Task Organization Considerations ..................................................................... 6-3
How to Fight ....................................................................................................... 6-4
Section IV – Forced Entry UEx Aviation Brigade .......................................... 6-5
Overview............................................................................................................. 6-5
Task Organization Considerations ..................................................................... 6-6
How to Fight ....................................................................................................... 6-6
Section V – Aviation Support During Offense Operations........................... 6-8
Movement to Contact ......................................................................................... 6-8
Hasty Attack ....................................................................................................... 6-9
Deliberate Attack .............................................................................................. 6-10
Exploitation ....................................................................................................... 6-11
Pursuit............................................................................................................... 6-12
Section VI – Aviation Support During Defensive Operations .................... 6-13
Relief in Place................................................................................................... 6-13
Passage of Lines .............................................................................................. 6-14
Breakout of Encircled Forces ........................................................................... 6-14
River Crossing Operations ............................................................................... 6-15
Reserve Operations ......................................................................................... 6-16
Rear Operations ............................................................................................... 6-17
Section VII – Aviation Support During Reconnaissance Operations........ 6-18
Aerial Reconnaissance Tasks.......................................................................... 6-18
Reconnaissance Fundamentals....................................................................... 6-19
Methods of Reconnaissance............................................................................ 6-20
Route Reconnaissance .................................................................................... 6-21
Zone Reconnaissance...................................................................................... 6-24
Area Reconnaissance ...................................................................................... 6-26
Reconnaissance in Force................................................................................. 6-29
Section VIII – Aviation Support During Security Operations..................... 6-30
General............................................................................................................. 6-30
Security Mission Tasks..................................................................................... 6-30
Roles................................................................................................................. 6-31
Security Fundamentals..................................................................................... 6-31
Types of Security Missions............................................................................... 6-32
Defining Mission Scope.................................................................................... 6-33
Screen .............................................................................................................. 6-34
Guard Operations ............................................................................................. 6-40
Cover Operations ............................................................................................. 6-44
Area Security .................................................................................................... 6-46
Air Assault and Air Movement Security ............................................................6-47
Section IX – Time and Space Considerations for Reconnaissance and
Security Missions............................................................................................6-49
General .............................................................................................................6-49
Screen Planning Examples (8-12 Hours) .........................................................6-49
Screen Planning Calculations (8-12 Hours) .....................................................6-51
24-Hour Surveillance Planning .........................................................................6-52
Section X – Air Assault Operations...............................................................6-53
General .............................................................................................................6-53
Capabilities and Limitations of Air Assault Forces............................................6-53
Air Assault Task Force Key Personnel .............................................................6-55
Command and Control......................................................................................6-57
Air Assault Planning Stages..............................................................................6-58
Air Mission Briefing ...........................................................................................6-68
Team Insertion/Extraction.................................................................................6-74
Artillery Raid......................................................................................................6-75
Air Movement ....................................................................................................6-75
Air Movement Planning AND Decentralized Control ........................................6-75
External Air Movement Loads...........................................................................6-76
Air Movement Responsibilities..........................................................................6-76
Section XI – Aerial Sustainment Operations................................................6-77
General .............................................................................................................6-77
Aerial Sustainment............................................................................................6-78
Executing Aerial Sustainment Operations ........................................................6-78
Preparation for Aerial Sustainment Operations ................................................6-79
Section XII – Medical Evacuation/Casualty Evacuation .............................6-80
General .............................................................................................................6-80
Executing Medical Evacuation..........................................................................6-81
Landing Zone Operations .................................................................................6-84
Medical Evacuation Pad ...................................................................................6-84
Force Health Protection Rehearsal...................................................................6-84
Chapter 7 EMPLOYING COMBAT ENABLERS.................................................................7-1
Section I – Military Intelligence........................................................................7-1
Intelligence Enablers...........................................................................................7-1
CounterIntelligence .............................................................................................7-1
Electronic Warfare ..............................................................................................7-1
Section II – Fire Support...................................................................................7-2
Planning ..............................................................................................................7-2
Close Air Support................................................................................................7-8
Naval Surface Fire Support.................................................................................7-9
Section III – Air Defense ...................................................................................7-9
Planning and Employment..................................................................................7-9
Section IV – Engineer Support ......................................................................7-16
Planning Considerations ...................................................................................7-16
Functions...........................................................................................................7-16
Section V – Military Police Support...............................................................7-17
Battlefield Missions ...........................................................................................7-17
Section VI – Aeromedical Evacuation...........................................................7-18
Section VII – Psychological Operations .......................................................7-19
General .............................................................................................................7-19
Aviation in Psychological Operations................................................................7-19
Section VIII – Civil Affairs Support............................................................... 7-19
General............................................................................................................. 7-20
Aviation in Civil Affairs Operations ................................................................... 7-20
Section IX – Air Force Weather Team Support............................................ 7-20
Weather Teams................................................................................................ 7-20
Chapter 8 UEx AVIATION BRIGADE LOGISTICS ............................................................ 8-1
Section I –Overview of Logistics Transformation......................................... 8-1
General............................................................................................................... 8-1
The Changing Operational Environment (OE) for Logistics............................... 8-3
Threat Dimension ............................................................................................... 8-4
Emerging Logistics Doctrine for the Aviation Brigade........................................ 8-8
Organizational Design of the Sustainment Brigade ......................................... 8-10
Aviation Brigade Logistics design Changes..................................................... 8-11
Section II – UEx Aviation Support Battalion Mission and Organization .. 8-12
General............................................................................................................. 8-12
Limitations of the Aviation Support Battalion.................................................... 8-14
The ASB Headquarters and Support Company (HSC).................................... 8-15
Distribution Company ....................................................................................... 8-16
Network Signal Company................................................................................. 8-17
Aviation Maintenance Company/Troop and the Forward Support Company... 8-17
Section III- ASB Commmand and Control ................................................... 8-17
General............................................................................................................. 8-17
ASB Commander’s C2 Structure...................................................................... 8-21
Commander’s Location on Battlefield .............................................................. 8-22
Section IV- Logistics Fundamentals............................................................. 8-23
General............................................................................................................. 8-23
Aviation Brigade Logistics Principles ............................................................... 8-23
Logistics Characteristics................................................................................... 8-24
Methods of Distribution..................................................................................... 8-26
Section V- Aviation Brigade Planning for Logistics................................... 8-27
Logistics Preparation of the Battlefield (LPB)................................................... 8-30
Section VI- ASB Operations .......................................................................... 8-31
General............................................................................................................. 8-31
Aviation Brigade Command Responsibility ...................................................... 8-31
Supply Operations ............................................................................................ 8-31
Class I (and Class VI when Applicable) ........................................................... 8-32
Classes II, III (Packaged), IV, and VII .............................................................. 8-32
Class III Bulk..................................................................................................... 8-32
Class V and Class V (A) (Conventional Ammunition) ...................................... 8-33
Class VI ............................................................................................................ 8-33
Class VII ........................................................................................................... 8-34
Class IX and Class IX (A)................................................................................. 8-34
Support by Host Nation .................................................................................... 8-34
Maintenance Principles .................................................................................... 8-34
Vehicle/Ground Equipment Maintenance......................................................... 8-35
Vehicle and Equipment Recovery Procedures................................................. 8-35
Aviation Maintenance ....................................................................................... 8-35
Maintenance Support System Force Structure ................................................ 8-36
Aircraft Combat Maintenance and Battle Damage Repair ............................... 8-41
Aerial Recovery ................................................................................................ 8-43
Aviation Life Support System (ALSS)............................................................... 8-43
Reconstitution................................................................................................... 8-43
Tactical Enabling Operations: Movement..........................................................8-45
ASB Security Operations ...................................................................................8-46
Safety During Combat Operations.....................................................................8-47
Section VII - Standard Army Management Information Systems (STAMIS)
Architecture.....................................................................................................8-48
General .............................................................................................................8-48
Standard Army Retail Supply System-Objective ..............................................8-49
Unit-Level Logistics Systems............................................................................8-50
Unit-Level Logistics Systems-Aviation (ULLS-A)..............................................8-50
Unit-Level Logistics Systems -Ground (ULLS-G) .............................................8-50
Unit-Level Logistics Systems -S4 (ULLS-S4) ...................................................8-50
Standard Army Maintnenance System (SAMS)................................................8-50
Integrated Logistics Analysis Program (ILAP) ..................................................8-52
Defense Automatic Addressing System (DAAS) ..............................................8-52
ABCS Control Systems for HBCT Logistics......................................................8-52
Appendix A JOINT AIR ATTACK TEAM OPERATIONS ..................................................... A-1
Section I – Fundamentals................................................................................ A-1
Section II – Planning........................................................................................ A-2
Section III – Execution..................................................................................... A-8
Appendix B AIR GROUND INTEGRATION.......................................................................... B-1
Section I – General........................................................................................... B-1
Section II – Examples of Integrated Operations ........................................... B-2
Section III – Mission Planning ........................................................................ B-3
Section IV – Mission Execution...................................................................... B-6
Section V – Positive Location/Target Identification ..................................... B-8
Appendix C NETWORKING THE AVIATION BRIGADE...................................................... C-1
Section I – Overview ........................................................................................ C-1
Section II – Common User Network Support ................................................ C-3
Section III – Combat Net Radio Networks ................................................... C-13
Section IV – Internal Brigade Communications Systems.......................... C-17
Section V – Airborne Communications Employment................................. C-21
Appendix D URBAN OPERATIONS ..................................................................................... D-1
Section I – General........................................................................................... D-1
Appendix E PERSONNEL RECOVERY SYSTEM ............................................................... E-1
Section I – General........................................................................................... E-1
Section II – Operations .................................................................................... E-2
Appendix F ARMY AIRSPACE COMMAND AND CONTROL..............................................F-1
Section I – Airspace Interface..........................................................................F-1
Section II – Army Airspace Command And Control Staff
Responsibilities.................................................................................................F-3
Section III – Brigade And Battalion Army Airspace Command And
Control Requirements ......................................................................................F-4
Section IV – Army Airspace Command And Control Measures (See Fm
3-52)....................................................................................................................F-9
Appendix G ARMING AND REFUELING OPERATIONS .....................................................G-1
Section I – Introduction....................................................................................G-1
Section II – Command, Control, and Communications ................................G-2
Section III – Employment Factors...................................................................G-7
Section IV – Refueling Operations................................................................G-13
Section V – Ammunition and Arming Operations and Training ................G-15
Section VI – Emplacement Methods.............................................................G-23
Section VII – Volcano Arming Operations ...................................................G-35
Section VIII – Forward Arming and Refueling Point Operations...............G-36
Section IX – Multiple Forward Arming and Refueling Point Operations.. G-43
Section X – Emergency Procedures in the Forward Arming and
Refueling Point ...............................................................................................G-45
Section XI – Load Plans.................................................................................G-46
Section XII – Night and Seasonal Operations .............................................G-49
Section XIII – Petroleum Spills......................................................................G-54
Appendix H UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE SYSTEM CONSIDERATIONS......................H-1
Section I – General ...........................................................................................H-1
Appendix I RISK MANAGEMENT......................................................................................... I-1
Section I – Application...................................................................................... I-1
Section II – Responsibilities............................................................................. I-1
Section III – Definitions................................................................................... I-13
Appendix J PLANNING AND OPERATIONS CHARTS....................................................... J-1
Section I – Planning Operations Charts......................................................... J-1
Section II – Aviation Task Force battle Drills .............................................. J-20
Appendix K MEDIA ON THE BATTLEFIELD........................................................................K-1
Section I – Practical Considerations ..............................................................K-1
Appendix L FIELD PROCESSING DETAINEES .................................................................. L-1
Section I – Purpose .......................................................................................... L-1
Section II – General .......................................................................................... L-1
Resources for Field Processing of Detainees.................................................... L-3
Glossary...............................................................................................Glossary-1
References .......................................................................................References-1
Index ..........................................................................................................Index-1
Figures
Figure Intro-1. Today’s Army...................................................................................................xxi
Figure Intro-2. Restructuring Today’s Army ........................................................................... xxii
Figure Intro-3. Modularity and the Army’s Need to Change.................................................. xxiii
Figure Intro-4. UEx and UEy ................................................................................................. xxiv
Figure Intro-5. From Divisions to Brigades.............................................................................xxv
Figure Intro-6. UEy Organization, General ...........................................................................xxvii
Figure Intro-7. UEx Organization .........................................................................................xxviii
Figure Intro-8. Heavy BCT .................................................................................................... xxxi
Figure Intro-9. Fires Brigade .................................................................................................xxxii
Figure Intro-10. UEx Aviation Brigade .................................................................................xxxiii
Figure Intro-11. BFSB Brigade.............................................................................................xxxiv
Figure Intro-12. Maneuver Enhancement Brigade .............................................................. xxxv
Figure Intro-13. Sustainment Brigade..................................................................................xxxvi
Figure 1-1. Heavy AVN BDE.................................................................................................. 1-3
Figure 1-2. Light AVN BDE.................................................................................................... 1-4
Figure 1-3. Forced Entry AVN BDE ....................................................................................... 1-5
Figure 3-1. Contiguous and Noncontiguous Areas of Operations......................................... 3-3
Figure 3-2. Example of Offensive Operation (Nonlinear, Noncontiguous Area of
Operations)......................................................................................................... 3-4
Figure 3-3. Example of Defensive Operation (Linear, Contiguous Area of Operations) ....... 3-6
Figure 4-1. The Military Decision Making Process ................................................................ 4-9
Figure 4-2. Troop Leading Procedures................................................................................ 4-10
Figure 4-3. A2C2S Configuration......................................................................................... 4-48
Figure 4-4. A2C2S Information Flow ................................................................................... 4-51
Figure 4-5. Army Aviation Command and Control System Capabilities .............................. 4-52
Figure 4-6. SICPS Capabilities ............................................................................................ 4-54
Figure 4-7 Example of a Digital CP set up using SICPS ..................................................... 4-55
Figure 4-8. Data Exchange within the Aviation Brigade’s Command Post LAN.................. 4-61
Figure 4-9 Example of a Data Exchange between CPs ...................................................... 4-62
Figure 4-10. ABCS 6.4 Operational Enhancements............................................................ 4-64
Figure 4-11. Common Tactical Picture ................................................................................ 4-72
Figure 4-12. Example of Staggered Shift Changes ............................................................. 4-73
Figure 5-1. Heavy Assembly Area ......................................................................................... 5-4
Figure 5-2. Forward Assembly Area ...................................................................................... 5-5
Figure 5-3. Rear Assembly Area............................................................................................ 5-5
Figure 5-4. Battle Position...................................................................................................... 5-6
Figure 5-5. Holding Area........................................................................................................ 5-6
Figure 5-6. Firing Position...................................................................................................... 5-7
Figure 5-7. Attack by Fire....................................................................................................... 5-8
Figure 5-8. Support by Fire .................................................................................................... 5-8
Figure 5-9. Rally Point ........................................................................................................... 5-9
Figure 5-10. Brigade Planning Responsibilities, Aviation Forces in Support of a
Ground Unit ...................................................................................................... 5-17
Figure 5-11. Brigade Planning Responsibilities, Aviation Forces under AVN BDE
Control .............................................................................................................. 5-18
Figure 5-12. AVN BDE Conducts a Deliberate Attack......................................................... 5-19
Figure 5-13. Aviation Brigade Supports an Air Assault ....................................................... 5-20
Figure 5-14. Aviation Brigade Supports Ground Brigade Operations ................................. 5-21
Figure 5-15. AVN BDE Conducts a Counter-Penetration Mission in a Ground Brigade
Sector ............................................................................................................... 5-22
Figure 6-1. Route Reconnaissance......................................................................................6-22
Figure 6-2. Zone Reconnaissance .......................................................................................6-24
Figure 6-3. Area Reconnaissance........................................................................................6-26
Figure 6-4. Figure LZ or PZ Sketch......................................................................................6-28
Figure 6-5. Screen Locations ...............................................................................................6-34
Figure 6-6. Stationary Screen ..............................................................................................6-37
Figure 6-7. Reaction to Rear Area Threat............................................................................6-39
Figure 6-8. Stationary Flank Guard ......................................................................................6-42
Figure 6-9. Augmented ARC Conducting a Flank Guard for a Moving Force .....................6-43
Figure 6-10. Air Assault Planning Stages ............................................................................6-47
Figure 6-11. Screen with Rapid Response Team ................................................................6-50
Figure 6-12. Maximum Screen Line Option .........................................................................6-51
Figure 6-13. Computing En Route Time...............................................................................6-52
Figure 6-14. Computing Ground Unit Movement Time ........................................................6-52
Figure 6-15. Air Assault Planning Stages ............................................................................6-58
Figure 6-16. Computing En Route Time...............................................................................6-61
Figure 6-17. Sample PZ/LZ Kneeboard Diagram.................................................................6-65
Figure 6-18. Example of an Air Mission Brief Checklist .......................................................6-69
Figure 7-1. Fire Support Coordination Line............................................................................7-4
Figure 7-2. Coordinated Fire Line ..........................................................................................7-5
Figure 7-3. Free Fire Area......................................................................................................7-6
Figure 7-4. Restrictive Fire Area ............................................................................................7-6
Figure 7-5. No-Fire Area ........................................................................................................7-7
Figure 7-6. Airspace Coordination Area.................................................................................7-7
Figure 7-7. Missile engagement zone ..................................................................................7-11
Figure 7-8. High-density airspace control zone....................................................................7-11
Figure 7-9. Weapons Free Zone ..........................................................................................7-12
Figure 7-10. Low Level Transit Route ..................................................................................7-13
Figure 7-11. Minimum Risk Route........................................................................................7-13
Figure 7-12. Restricted Operations Area .............................................................................7-14
Figure 7-13. High-Density Airspace Control Zone ...............................................................7-15
Figure 7-14. Standard Use Army Aircraft Flight Route.........................................................7-15
Figure 8-1. What Needs to Change........................................................................................8-2
Figure 8-2. The Changing Operational Environment for Logistics.........................................8-3
Figure 8-3. As Threat Increases, Sustainment Operational Capability Decreases ...............8-8
Figure 8-4. General Support of a multifunctional sustainment brigade................................8-10
Figure 8-5. Aviation Support Battalion..................................................................................8-13
Figure 8-6. Three-Level to Two-Level Maintenance and Sustainment ...............................8-38
Figure 8-7. Shop Equipment Contact Maintenance (SECM) ..............................................8-40
Figure 8-8. STAMIS Architecture .........................................................................................8-49
Figure 8-9. Actionable Capabilities for Logisticians and Warfighters...................................8-53
Figure A-1. Lateral/Geographic Separation ...........................................................................A-9
Figure A-2. Altitude SeparationFigure A-3. Time Separation.............................................. A-10
Figure A-3. Time Separation ............................................................................................... A-11
Figure A-4. CAS Check-in Briefing ......................................................................................A-12
Figure A-5. CAS Briefing Format .........................................................................................A-13
Figure A-6. Example of Combined AttackFigure A-7. Example of a Sectored Attack.........A-16
Figure A-7. Example of a Sectored Attack...........................................................................A-17
Figure A-8. Night JAAT and Associated Control Measures.................................................A-20
Figure B-1. Mission Planning through Execution Cycle.........................................................B-4
Figure B-2. Aviation Team Check-In...................................................................................... B-6
Figure B-3. Example of Aviation Team Check-In................................................................... B-7
Figure B-4. Reference Point Technique ................................................................................B-8
Figure B-5. Grid Technique....................................................................................................B-9
Figure B-6. Sector/Terrain Technique ................................................................................... B-9
Figure B-7. Phase Line Technique ......................................................................................B-10
Figure B-8. Close Combat Attack Briefing ...........................................................................B-17
Figure B-9. Example of a Close Combat Attack Brief..........................................................B-18
Figure C-1. Objective Force LandWarNet .............................................................................C-2
Figure C-2. Global Information Grid.......................................................................................C-3
Figure C-3. Avn Bde JNTC (Interim) Connectivity Requirements .........................................C-5
Figure C-4. Notional JNTC HUB Node Network....................................................................C-6
Figure C-5. JNN System Diagram .........................................................................................C-7
Figure C-6. JNN Components................................................................................................C-7
Figure C-7. JNTC Battalion Level CP Module .......................................................................C-8
Figure C-8. Aviation ASB Network Support Company ........................................................C-10
Figure C-9. LandWarNet Programs Networked by the Aviation Brigade Signal
Company ..........................................................................................................C-11
Figure C-10. Example of an ABCS EPLRS Communications Net.......................................C-12
Figure C-11. Command Network .........................................................................................C-14
Figure C-12. Operations and Intelligence Network..............................................................C-15
Figure C-13. Administrative and Logistical Network............................................................C-16
Figure C-14. UH-60 C2 Aircraft Configuration.....................................................................C-27
Figure D-1. Example of a Typical Shape/Dominate Mission .................................................D-5
Figure D-2. Example of a Hovering Fire Engagement...........................................................D-7
Figure D-3. Example of a Running Fire Engagement............................................................D-8
Figure D-4. Example of an Area Sketch Flight Planning Aid ...............................................D-10
Figure D-5. Example of a Network Route Structure ............................................................D-11
Figure D-6. Example of the Urban Grid Technique .............................................................D-12
Figure D-7. Example of the Objective Area Reference Grid Technique..............................D-12
Figure D-8. Example of a Reference Point Technique ........................................................D-13
Figure E-1. PRTF Communications Architecture ..................................................................E-4
Figure E-2. Task Organization............................................................................................... E-6
Figure F-1. When do we plan A2C2? .................................................................................... F-1
Figure F-2. A2C2 Staff Coordination ..................................................................................... F-3
Figure F-3. Example TTP for A2C2 ....................................................................................... F-6
Figure F-4. Aviation Brigade A2C2 Coordination Framework (two AVN BDEs
supporting a UEx)............................................................................................... F-8
Figure F-5. Aviation Brigade A2C2 Coordination Framework (one AVN BDE
supporting a UEx) ...............................................................................................F-9
Figure G-1. Example of FARP Traffic Layout........................................................................ G-6
Figure G-2. Example of FARP Layout for Simultaneous Operations.................................... G-7
Figure G-3. Example of FARE Setup Under Various Wind Conditions............................... G-15
Figure G-4. Typical Layouts for Rearm Points .................................................................... G-19
Figure G-5. Three-Dimensional View of a Rearm Point Plan ............................................. G-19
Figure G-6. Example of a Tactical FARP Layout ................................................................ G-22
Figure G-7. HEMTT FARP Layout ...................................................................................... G-25
Figure G-8. AAFARS Layout Configuration ........................................................................ G-26
Figure G-9. ERFS Layout Configuration ............................................................................. G-27
Figure G-10. CH-47 ERFS Equipment and Tank Installation ............................................. G-28
Figure G-11. Refueling Point Setups................................................................................... G-29
Figure G-12. HTARS Configuration and Additional Components for CH-53 FARP............ G-30
Figure G-13. HTARS Configuration and Additional Components for C-130 FARP............ G-32
Figure G-14. HTARS Configuration and Additional Components for C-17 FARP.............. G-33
Figure G-15. Example of a Site Layout for a Volcano Arming Point ................................... G-37
Figure G-16. Load Plan 1 .................................................................................................... G-49
Figure G-17. Load Plan 2 .................................................................................................... G-50
Figure G-18. Load Plan 3 .................................................................................................... G-50
Figure G-19. T-Formation FARE Setup............................................................................... G-52
Figure I-1. Risk Management Worksheet—Identify Hazards.................................................. I-4
Figure I-2. Example of Mission Factors................................................................................... I-5
Figure I-3. Does the Hazard Require Risk Management?...................................................... I-5
Figure I-4. Risk Assessment—Assess Hazards ..................................................................... I-6
Figure I-5. Risk Management Worksheet—Assess Hazards.................................................. I-7
Figure I-6. Risk Management Worksheet—Develop Controls ................................................ I-8
Figure I-7. Risk Assessment Matrix—Determine Residual Risk ............................................. I-9
Figure I-8. Risk Management Worksheet—Residual Risk...................................................... I-9
Figure I-9. Risk Management Worksheet—Implement .........................................................I-11
Figure I-10. Risk Management Worksheet—Supervise........................................................I-12
Figure J-1. Cover Sheet ......................................................................................................... J-1
Figure J-2. Mission Analysis Briefing Agenda........................................................................ J-2
Figure J-3. Higher Headquarters Concept Sketch ................................................................. J-2
Figure J-4. Higher Headquarters Order ................................................................................. J-3
Figure J-5. Commander’s Initial Guidance............................................................................. J-3
Figure J-6. Terrain Analysis Worksheet ................................................................................. J-4
Figure J-7. Terrain Analysis Worksheet ................................................................................. J-4
Figure J-8. Weather Analysis ................................................................................................. J-5
Figure J-9. Enemy Composition ............................................................................................. J-5
Figure J-10. Enemy Disposition/Strength Chart..................................................................... J-6
Figure J-11. Enemy Capabilities Chart................................................................................... J-6
Figure J-12. Enemy COA #1 Chart ........................................................................................ J-7
Figure J-13. CCIR Chart......................................................................................................... J-7
Figure J-14. Event Matrix........................................................................................................J-8
Figure J-15. R&S Matrix..........................................................................................................J-8
Figure J-16. Initial R&S Plan...................................................................................................J-9
Figure J-17. Tasks and Constraints Chart ..............................................................................J-9
Figure J-18. Tasks and Constraints Chart ............................................................................J-10
Figure J-19. Current Task Organization/Combat Power ......................................................J-10
Figure J-20. CSS Status Chart .............................................................................................J-11
Figure J-21. Classes of Supply Chart ...................................................................................J-11
Figure J-22. Class III/V Usage and Protection Chart............................................................J-12
Figure J-23. End Item Status Chart ......................................................................................J-12
Figure J-24. Commander’s Guidance Chart.........................................................................J-13
Figure J-25. COA Brief Agenda Chart ..................................................................................J-13
Figure J-26. Restated Mission Statement.............................................................................J-14
Figure J-27. RCPA Matrix .....................................................................................................J-14
Figure J-28. COA Sketch #1 .................................................................................................J-15
Figure J-29. COA Comparison Chart....................................................................................J-15
Figure J-30. Decision Brief Agenda ......................................................................................J-16
Figure J-31. Light and Weather Chart ..................................................................................J-16
Figure J-32. Enemy Situation Chart......................................................................................J-17
Figure J-33. Commander’s Intent .........................................................................................J-17
Figure J-34. Timeline ............................................................................................................J-18
Figure J-35. Sample Aviation Synchronization Matrix ..........................................................J-18
Figure J-36. Sample Aviation Execution Checklist ...............................................................J-19
Figure J-37. Cover Sheet......................................................................................................J-20
Figure J-38. Unit in Contact Procedures...............................................................................J-21
Figure J-39. QRF Procedures...............................................................................................J-21
Figure J-40. QRF Worksheet................................................................................................J-22
Figure J-41. MEDEVAC Battle Drill.......................................................................................J-22
Figure J-42. MASCAL Battle Drill..........................................................................................J-23
Figure J-43. Personnel Recovery Battle Drill........................................................................J-23
Figure J-44. Down A/C Battle Drill ........................................................................................J-24
Figure J-45. Clearance of Fire Procedures...........................................................................J-24
Figure J-46. Loss Commo Battle Drill ...................................................................................J-25
Figure J-47. A/C Loss Commo Battle Drill ............................................................................J-25
Figure J-48. TOC Power Loss Battle Drill.............................................................................J-26
Figure J-49. TOC Indirect Fire Battle Drill.............................................................................J-26
Figure J-50. TOC Direct Fire Battle Drill ...............................................................................J-27
Tables
Table 4-1. Command and Support Relationship to Inherent Responsibility.......................... 4-5
Table 4-2. Munitions Selection............................................................................................. 4-14
Table 4-3. Summarizes the CCIR Responsibilities.............................................................. 4-59
Table 4-4. Provides an Example of a Digital CP Shift Change Brief....................................4-74
Table 4-5. Update Delivery Comparison ..............................................................................4-75
Table 4-6. Traditional Versus Digital ....................................................................................4-75
Table 5-1. Types of Offensive Operations .............................................................................5-2
Table 5-2. Types of Defensive Operations.............................................................................5-2
Table 5-3. Types of Stability Operations ................................................................................5-3
Table 5-4. Types of Support Operations ................................................................................5-3
Table 5-5. Planning Phases .................................................................................................5-15
Table 5-6. Brigade and Battalion Planning Responsibilities ................................................5-16
Table 6-1. Marking Techniques for Day and Night Pickup Zones........................................6-48
Table 6-2. Marking Techniques for Day And Night PZs.......................................................6-64
Table 6-3. Lift Scenarios with Two Assault Companies.......................................................6-68
Table 6-4. Hot LZ Procedures ..............................................................................................6-74
Table 6-5. Operational resupply mission matrix...................................................................6-79
Table 6-6. 9-Line MEDEVAC Request Format (4-Line Uses 1,2,3,5) .................................6-82
Table 8-1. Sustainment Aspect of MDMP: Inputs, Actions and Outputs..............................8-28
Table B-1. Methods of Marking Friendly and Enemy Positions .......................................... B-12
Table B-2. Brevity List ......................................................................................................... B-15
Table B-3. Danger Close Ranges for Helicopter Engagement ........................................... B-18
Table C-1. Antenna Configuration Effect on Operational Range........................................ C-18
Table C-2. Joint Aircraft Potentially Interoperable for Communications or Relay............... C-28
Table C-3. Aircraft Communications Interoperability........................................................... C-29
Table D-1. Missions during the Assess Phase...................................................................... D-2
Table D-2. Missions during the Shape Phase....................................................................... D-3
Table D-3. Missions during the Dominate Phase.................................................................. D-3
Table D-4. Missions During the Transition Phase................................................................. D-4
Table G-1. Common Items, Helicopter Rearm Operations ................................................. G-18
Table G-2. Minimum Safe Distances (in Feet) .................................................................... G-18
Table G-3. Suggested FARP Schedule............................................................................... G-46
Table G-4. Load Plan Key ................................................................................................... G-49
Table I-1. Risk Management Integrated Into the MDMP......................................................... I-1
Table I-2. Risk Management Integrated into Troop Leading Procedures ............................... I-3
Table I-3. Risk Management Task Standards and Performance Assessment .....................I-13
Table L-1. 5 Ss and T Method of Detainee Field Processing ................................................L-2

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