Publication Title:                   Space Support to Army Operations
Publication/revision date:    18 MAY 2005
Field Manual:                        FM 3-14
   Supersedes:                      FM 100-18, 20 JUL 1995
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
Preface..................................................................................................................vi
PART ONE PRINCIPLES
Chapter 1 ARMY SPACE OPERATIONS........................................................................... 1-1
Section I – Space Operations Overview......................................................... 1-1
Section II – The Characteristics of Space...................................................... 1-3
Section III – Key Terms and Organizations.................................................... 1-5
Section IV – Space as a Component of National Security Policy................ 1-6
National Space Policy......................................................................................... 1-6
DOD Space Policy.............................................................................................. 1-8
Army Space Policy ............................................................................................. 1-8
Section V – Elements of Space Operations................................................... 1-9
Controlling and Exploiting Space to Enhance Land Warfighting Power ............ 1-9
Space and the Army’s Enduring Capabilities ................................................... 1-12
Section VI – Army Joint Space Operations Relationships......................... 1-14
Section VII – The G3 Section and Space Operations.................................. 1-16
Section VIII – Army Space Cadre .................................................................. 1-17
Chapter 2 SPACE MISSION AREAS ................................................................................. 2-1
Space Force Enhancement ................................................................................ 2-1
Space Control................................................................................................... 2-12
Space Force Application................................................................................... 2-13
Space Support.................................................................................................. 2-13
Chapter 3 SPACE OPERATIONS IN LAND WARFARE................................................... 3-1
Section I – Space Contributions to Joint Land Warfare ............................... 3-1
Space Operations Across the Spectrum of Conflict ........................................... 3-1
Space Contributions to Offensive and Defensive Operations ............................ 3-2
Space Support to Stability and Support Operations........................................... 3-5
Section II – COMMAND AND CONTROL......................................................... 3-7
Joint Space Operations ...................................................................................... 3-7
Army Space Command and Control................................................................... 3-8
PART TWO TACTICS, TECHNIQUES, AND PROCEDURES
Chapter 4 PLANNING, PREPARING FOR, AND EXECUTING SPACE OPERATIONS...4-1
Section I – Planning for Space Operations ....................................................4-1
Section II – Preparing for Space Operations..................................................4-3
Section III – Executing Space Operations ......................................................4-4
Appendix A SPACE INPUT TO INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE
BATTLESPACE AND SPACE ESTIMATE....................................................... A-1
Appendix B ARMY SPACE CAPABILITIES ......................................................................... B-1
Section I – USASMDC Operations Center ..................................................... B-1
Section II – Blue Force Tracking Mission Management Center .................. B-1
Section III – SATCOM and SATCOM Support Centers................................. B-3
Section IV – Wideband SATCOM Operations Center ................................... B-8
Section V – Spectral Operations Resource Center ...................................... B-9
Section VI – Commercial Exploitation Team............................................... B-14
Section VII – Theater Missile Warning ......................................................... B-15
Appendix C ARMY SPACE SUPPORT TEAMS................................................................... C-1
Appendix D SPACE OPERATIONS OFFICER..................................................................... D-1
Appendix E SPACE SUPPORT IN THE EMPLOYMENT HEADQUARTERS ..................... E-1
Appendix F ARMY SPACE ORGANIZATIONS.....................................................................F-1
Appendix G NORMALIZING, OPERATIONALIZING, AND INSTITUTIONALIZING
SPACE...............................................................................................................G-1
Glossary .............................................................................................................. Glossary-1
Bibliography ........................................................................................................Bibliography-1
Index .................................................................................................................... Index-1
Figures
Figure 2-1. Key SATCOM features ........................................................................................ 2-2
Figure 2-2. Global system-of-systems ................................................................................... 2-4
Figure 2-3. Space-based ISR architecture............................................................................. 2-9
Figure A-1. Space area of interest ......................................................................................... A-3
Figure A-2. Situation template ............................................................................................... A-8
Figure A-3. Satellite operational status ................................................................................A-10
Figure A-4. Space decision support template......................................................................A-11
Figure B-1. RSSC locations ................................................................................................... B-5
Figure B-2. RSSC manning/organization .............................................................................. B-6
Figure B-3. Requesting SATCOM access ............................................................................. B-7
Figure F-1. USASMDC operational organization................................................................... F-2
Figure F-2. 1st SATCON Battalion organization.................................................................... F-2
Figure F-3. 1st Space Battalion organization......................................................................... F-3
Figure F-4. 193rd Space Battalion organization .................................................................... F-3
Tables
Table 2-1. SATCOM attributes ...............................................................................................2-3
Table 2-2. Methods of dissemination ...................................................................................2-10
Table A-1. Solar weather impact summary ............................................................................A-4
Table B-1. RSSC support assignments..................................................................................B-3
Table C-1. Typical ARSST composition ................................................................................ C-2

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