M249 Light Machine Gun

 

Publication Title:                   M249 Light Machine Gun
Publication/revision date:    26 JAN 1994
Field Manual:                        FM 23-14
   Supersedes:                      FM 23-14; 10 DEC 1985
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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PREFACE

CHAPTER 1 DESCRIPTION AND COMPONENTS

1-1. DESCRIPTION

1-2. COMPONENTS

1-3. AMMUNITION

1-4. BLANK FIRING ATTACHMENT

CHAPTER 2 MAINTENANCE

2-1. CLEARING PROCEDURES

2-2. GENERAL DISASSEMBLY

2-3. INSPECTION

2-4. CLEANING, LUBRICATION, AND PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE

2-5. GENERAL ASSEMBLY

2-6. FUNCTION CHECK

2-7. MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES

2-8. MAINTENANCE DURING NBC CONDITIONS

CHAPTER 3 OPERATION AND FUNCTION

3-1. OPERATION

3-2. LOADING

3-3. UNLOADING

3-4. CYCLE OF FUNCTIONING

3-5. SIGHT SETTINGS AND CORRECTIONS

3-6. BIPOD POSITIONING

CHAPTER 4 PROBLEMS AND DESTRUCTION

4-1. MALFUNCTIONS

4-2. STOPPAGES

4-3. IMMEDIATE ACTION

4-4. REMEDIAL ACTION

4-5. DESTRUCTION PROCEDURES

CHAPTER 5 MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING

Section I. INTRODUCTION TO MARKSMANSHIP
5-1. OBJECTIVES

5-2. TRAINING PHASES

5-3. TRAINING STRATEGY

5-4. TRAINING FOR COMBAT CONDITIONS

Section II. PRELIMINARY MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING
5-5. FUNDAMENTALS, MARKSMANSHIP

5-6. FUNDAMENTALS, FIRING POSITIONS

5-7. FUNDAMENTALS, NIGHT FIRING

5-8. FUNDAMENTALS: NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL

5-9. FUNDAMENTALS, MOVING TARGETS

5-10. FUNDAMENTALS, TRAVERSE AND SEARCH

5-11. DIRECT LAY

5-12. APPLICATION OF FIRE

5-13. ADJUSTMENT OF FIRE

5-14. EFFECTS OF WIND

5-15. FIRE COMMANDS

5-16. DRY-FIRE EXERCISES

5-17. MULTIPURPOSE MACHINE GUN RANGE LAYOUT

5-18. BASIC MACHINE GUN TARGET

5-19. TARGET ANALYSIS

5-20. 10-METER SCORING PROCEDURES

Section III. BASIC MARKSMANSHIP, LIVE-FIRE EXERCISES
5-21. ZEROING

5-22. FIELD ZEROING

5-23. 10-METER FIRING

5-24. 10-METER CONDUCT OF FIRE

5-25. 10-METER FIRING, QUALIFICATION

5-26. TRANSITION FIRING

5-27. TRANSITION CONDUCT OF FIRE

5-28. TRANSITION FIRING, LIMITED VISIBILITY

5-29. ZEROING THE AN/PVS-4

5-30. QUALIFICATION STANDARDS

CHAPTER 6 COMBAT TECHNIQUES OF FIRE

Section I. INTRODUCTION
6-1. CHARACTERISTICS OF FIRE

6-2. CLASSES OF FIRE

Section II. APPLICATION OF FIRE
6-3. TYPES OF TARGETS

6-4. DISTRIBUTION, CONCENTRATION, AND RATE OF FIRE

6-5. TARGET ENGAGEMENT

6-6. TARGET ENGAGEMENT DURING LIMITED VISIBILITY

Section III. PREDETERMINED FIRES
6-7. TERMINOLOGY

6-8. RANGE CARD

Section IV. FIRE CONTROL
6-9. METHODS OF FIRE CONTROL

6-10. FIRE COMMANDS

Section V. RANGE DETERMINATION
6-11. RANGE ESTIMATION

6-12. LATERAL DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

Section VI. ADVANCED AUTOMATIC RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP
6-13. FIELD FIRING EXERCISE

6-14. ALTERNATE FIRING POSITIONS

6-15. MOVEMENT, SPEED, AND ALIGNMENT

6-16. RELOADING

6-17. ALTERNATE FIRING POSITION EXERCISES

CHAPTER 7 TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM

Section I. ORGANIZATION
7-1. OBJECTIVES

7-2. MISSION-ESSENTIAL TASK LIST

7-3. TRAINER ASSESSMENT

7-4. CADRE COACHES

7-5. COMMAND BENEFITS

7-6. PROGRAM PHASES

Section II. TRAINING TASKS

7-7. PHASE I, PRELIMINARY MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING

7-8. PHASE II, BASIC MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING

7-9. PHASE III, ADVANCED MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING

Section III. TRAINER CERTIFICATION PROGRAM
7-10. TRAINING BASE

7-11. CERTIFICATION PROGRAM OUTLINE

APPENDIX A UNIT TRAINING PROGRAM

APPENDIX B PROFICIENCY (PERFORMANCE) EXAMINATION

APPENDIX C M249 AUTOMATIC RIFLE IN AIR DEFENSE

APPENDIX D RANGE SAFETY

APPENDIX E EMPLOYMENT

GLOSSARY

REFERENCES

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