The Army Universal Task List

 

Publication Title:                   The Army Universal Task List
Publication/revision date:    18 MAR 2005
Field Manual:                        FM 7-15
   Supersedes:                      none
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
PREFACE ............................................................................................................................ VIII

INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................... XI
CHAPTER 1 ART 1.0: THE INTELLIGENCE BATTLEFIELD OPERATING SYSTEM......... 1-1
Section I – ART 1.1: Support to Situational Understanding ........................ 1-2
ART 1.1.1 Perform Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB) ................ 1-3
ART 1.1.2 Perform Situation Development...................................................... 1-7
ART 1.1.3 Provide Intelligence Support to Force Protection ........................... 1-8
ART 1.1.4 Conduct Police Intelligence Operations.......................................... 1-8
Section II – ART 1.2: Support to Strategic Responsiveness ..................... 1-13
ART 1.2.1 Perform Indications and Warnings................................................ 1-14
ART 1.2.2 Ensure Intelligence Readiness ..................................................... 1-14
ART 1.2.3 Conduct Area Studies of Foreign Countries ................................. 1-15
ART 1.2.4 Support Sensitive Site Exploitation............................................... 1-16
Section III – ART 1.3: Conduct Intelligence, Surveillance, and
Reconnaissance (ISR) ................................................................ 1-17
ART 1.3.1 Perform Intelligence Synchronization ........................................... 1-18
ART 1.3.2 Perform ISR Integration ................................................................ 1-20
ART 1.3.3 Conduct Tactical Reconnaissance ............................................... 1-22
ART 1.3.4 Conduct Surveillance .................................................................... 1-27
Section IV – ART 1.4: Provide Intelligence Support to Effects.................. 1-28
ART 1.4.1 Provide Intelligence Support to Targeting .................................... 1-28
ART 1.4.2 Provide Intelligence Support to Information Operations............... 1-30
ART 1.4.3 Provide Intelligence Support to Combat Assessment .................. 1-35
CHAPTER 2 ART 2.0: THE MANEUVER BATTLEFIELD OPERATING SYSTEM............... 2-1
Section I – ART 2.1: Perform Tactical Actions Associated with Force
Projection and Deployment ......................................................... 2-2
ART 2.1.1 Conduct Mobilization of Tactical Units............................................ 2-3
ART 2.1.2 Conduct Tactical Deployment/Redeployment Activities ................. 2-5
ART 2.1.3 Conduct Demobilization of Tactical Units ....................................... 2-8
ART 2.1.4 Conduct Rear Detachment Activities .............................................. 2-9
Section II – ART 2.2: Conduct Tactical Maneuver......................................... 2-9
ART 2.2.1 Employ Combat Formations ......................................................... 2-11
ART 2.2.2 Conduct Actions on Contact..........................................................2-13
ART 2.2.3 Employ Combat Patrols.................................................................2-14
ART 2.2.4 Conduct Counterambush Actions .................................................2-14
ART 2.2.5 Exploit Terrain to Expedite Tactical Movements...........................2-14
ART 2.2.6 Cross a Danger Area.....................................................................2-15
ART 2.2.7 Linkup with Other Tactical Forces.................................................2-15
ART 2.2.8 Conduct Passage of Lines ............................................................2-16
ART 2.2.9 Conduct a Relief in Place ..............................................................2-18
ART 2.2.10 Navigate from One Point to Another .............................................2-18
ART 2.2.11 Conduct a Survivability Move ........................................................2-19
ART 2.2.12 Negotiate a Tactical Area of Operations .......................................2-19
Section III – ART 2.3: Conduct Tactical Troop Movements........................2-20
ART 2.3.1 Prepare Forces for Movement.......................................................2-21
ART 2.3.2 Conduct Administrative Movement................................................2-23
ART 2.3.3 Conduct Tactical Road March.......................................................2-23
ART 2.3.4 Conduct an Approach March.........................................................2-24
Section IV – ART 2.4: Conduct Direct Fires .................................................2-25
ART 2.4.1 Conduct Lethal Direct Fire Against a Surface Target ...................2-26
ART 2.4.2 Conduct Nonlethal Direct Fire Against a Surface Target ..............2-26
Section V – ART 2.5: Occupy an Area ..........................................................2-27
ART 2.5.1 Occupy an Assembly Area ............................................................2-28
ART 2.5.2 Occupy an Attack/Assault Position ...............................................2-28
ART 2.5.3 Occupy/Establish a Battle/Defensive Position ..............................2-28
ART 2.5.4 Conduct Drop Zone Operations ....................................................2-29
ART 2.5.5 Conduct Landing Zone Operations ...............................................2-30
Section VI – ART 2.6: Employ SERE Techniques........................................2-30
CHAPTER 3 ART 3.0: THE FIRE SUPPORT BATTLEFIELD OPERATING SYSTEM .........3-1
Section I – ART 3.1: Decide Surface Targets to Attack................................3-1
Section II – ART 3.2: Detect and Locate Surface Targets............................3-2
Section III – ART 3.3. Employ Fires to Influence the Will, and Destroy,
Neutralize, or Suppress Enemy Forces ......................................3-3
ART 3.3.1 Conduct Lethal Fire Support ...........................................................3-4
ART 3.3.2 Conduct Nonlethal Fire Support—Offensive Information
Operations .....................................................................................3-10
ART 3.3.3 Conduct Survey Operations in Support of Fire Support Systems.3-16
ART 3.3.4 Perform Meteorological Operations in Support of Fire Support
Systems.........................................................................................3-17
CHAPTER 4 ART 4.0: THE AIR DEFENSE BATTLEFIELD OPERATING SYSTEM............4-1
Section I – ART 4.1: Prepare to Defend Against Air Attack and Aerial
Surveillance ...................................................................................4-2
Section II – ART 4.2: Process Tactical Aerial Platforms ...............................4-3
ART 4.2.1 Search for Aerial Platforms .............................................................4-3
ART 4.2.2 Detect Aerial Platforms....................................................................4-4
ART 4.2.3 Locate Aerial Platforms ...................................................................4-4
ART 4.2.4 Characterize Aerial Platforms..........................................................4-5
Section III – ART 4.3: Destroy Aerial Platforms .............................................4-6
ART 4.3.1 Select Aerial Platforms to Engage/Destroy .....................................4-7
ART 4.3.2 Select Appropriate Air Defense Systems........................................4-7
ART 4.3.3 Conduct Engagements Using Air Defense Weapon Systems ........4-8
ART 4.3.4 Employ Combined Arms for Air Defense ......................................4-10
Section IV – ART 4.4: Deny the Enemy Use of Airspace............................ 4-12
CHAPTER 5 ART 5.0: THE MOBILITY/COUNTERMOBILITY/SURVIVABILITY BATTLEFIELD
OPERATING SYSTEM ...................................................................................... 5-1
Section I – ART 5.1: Conduct Mobility Operations ....................................... 5-2
ART 5.1.1 Overcome Barriers/Obstacles/Mines.............................................. 5-3
ART 5.1.2 Enhance Movement and Maneuver................................................ 5-7
Section II – ART 5.2: Conduct Countermobility Operations ...................... 5-10
ART 5.2.1 Site Obstacles............................................................................... 5-12
ART 5.2.2 Construct, Emplace, or Detonate Obstacles ................................ 5-12
ART 5.2.3 Mark, Report, and Record Obstacles ........................................... 5-13
ART 5.2.4 Maintain Obstacle Integration ....................................................... 5-14
Section III – ART 5.3: Conduct Survivability Operations............................ 5-15
ART 5.3.1 Protect Against Enemy Hazards within the AO ............................ 5-18
ART 5.3.2 Conduct Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Defense........ 5-31
ART 5.3.3 Disperse Tactical Forces .............................................................. 5-42
ART 5.3.4 Provide Explosive Ordnance Disposal Support............................ 5-42
ART 5.3.5 Conduct Security Operations........................................................ 5-47
ART 5.3.6 Combat Terrorism in an Area of Operations (AO) ........................ 5-73
ART 5.3.7 Conduct Defensive Information Operations.................................. 5-77
ART 5.3.8 Conduct Tactical Counterintelligence in the Area of Operations.. 5-84
CHAPTER 6 ART 6.0: THE COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT BATTLEFIELD OPERATING
SYSTEM............................................................................................................. 6-1
Section I – ART 6.1: Provide Supplies............................................................ 6-2
ART 6.1.1 Provide Subsistence (Class I)......................................................... 6-3
ART 6.1.2 Provide Clothing, Individual Equipment, Tools, and
Administrative Supplies (Class II) ................................................... 6-4
ART 6.1.3 Provide Petroleum, Oil, and Lubricants (Class III B/P)................... 6-5
ART 6.1.4 Provide Barrier and Construction Material (Class IV)..................... 6-8
ART 6.1.5 Provide Ammunition (Class V)........................................................ 6-9
ART 6.1.6 Provide Personal Demand Items (Class VI) ................................. 6-11
ART 6.1.7 Provide Major End Items (Class VII)............................................. 6-11
ART 6.1.8 Provide Medical Material and Repair Parts (Class VIII) ............... 6-12
ART 6.1.9 Provide Repair Parts (Class IX).................................................... 6-13
ART 6.1.10 Provide Supplies for Civilian Use (Class X).................................. 6-13
ART 6.1.11 Provide Water Support.................................................................. 6-14
ART 6.1.12 Provide Miscellaneous Supplies ................................................... 6-15
ART 6.1.13 Conduct Forward Arming and Refueling Point Activities.............. 6-16
ART 6.1.14 Conduct Unit Logistics Package Operations ................................ 6-17
ART 6.1.15 Employ Caches............................................................................. 6-18
ART 6.1.16 Provide Supply Management........................................................ 6-18
ART 6.1.17 Salvage and Retrograde Equipment and Materiel........................ 6-22
ART 6.1.18 Prepare Configured Loads............................................................ 6-23
Section II – ART 6.2: Provide Maintenance.................................................. 6-23
ART 6.2.1 Perform Preventative Maintenance Checks and Services ........... 6-25
ART 6.2.2 Recover/Evacuate Disabled Equipment ....................................... 6-25
ART 6.2.3 Diagnose Equipment Faults.......................................................... 6-26
ART 6.2.4 Substitute Parts............................................................................. 6-26
ART 6.2.5 Exchange Parts............................................................................. 6-26
ART 6.2.6 Repair Equipment ......................................................................... 6-27
ART 6.2.7 Return Repaired Equipment to the User ...................................... 6-27
ART 6.2.8 Provide Maintenance Management.............................................. 6-28
Section III – ART 6.3: Provide Transportation Support..............................6-29
ART 6.3.1 Provide Movement Control............................................................6-30
ART 6.3.2 Conduct Terminal Operations .......................................................6-33
ART 6.3.3 Conduct Mode Operations ............................................................6-36
Section IV – ART 6.4: Provide Sustainment Support ..................................6-39
ART 6.4.1 Provide Base Camp Sustainment .................................................6-40
ART 6.4.2 Conduct Mortuary Affairs...............................................................6-43
ART 6.4.3 Conduct Aerial Delivery Support ...................................................6-44
Section V – ART 6.5: Provide Force Health Protection in a Global
Environment.................................................................................6-45
ART 6.5.1 Provide Combat Casualty Care.....................................................6-47
ART 6.5.2 Provide Medical Evacuation (Air/Ground) .....................................6-51
ART 6.5.3 Provide Medical Logistics..............................................................6-52
ART 6.5.4 Provide Casualty Prevention.........................................................6-56
Section VI – ART 6.6: Provide Human Resource Support ..........................6-61
ART 6.6.1 Man the Force ...............................................................................6-62
ART 6.6.2 Provide Personnel Services ..........................................................6-65
ART 6.6.3 Provide Personnel Support ...........................................................6-68
Section VII – ART 6.7: Provide Finance and Resource Management
Services........................................................................................6-71
ART 6.7.1 Provide Vendor Pay.......................................................................6-72
ART 6.7.2 Perform Pay Services....................................................................6-72
ART 6.7.3 Perform Disbursement Services ...................................................6-73
ART 6.7.4 Perform Accounting Services........................................................6-73
ART 6.7.5 Perform Central Funding ...............................................................6-74
ART 6.7.6 Perform Resources Management .................................................6-74
Section VIII – ART 6.8: Provide Religious Support.....................................6-75
ART 6.8.1 Conduct Religious Services ..........................................................6-76
ART 6.8.2 Provide Religious Care and Counseling .......................................6-76
ART 6.8.3 Advise on Religious, Moral, and Ethical Issues ............................6-77
ART 6.8.4 Conduct Religious Support Activity Training .................................6-77
Section IX – ART 6.9: Provide Legal Support ..............................................6-78
ART 6.9.1 Provide Military Justice Support ....................................................6-79
ART 6.9.2 Provide Trial Defense Support ......................................................6-80
ART 6.9.3 Provide International Law Support ................................................6-80
ART 6.9.4 Provide Administrative Law Support .............................................6-81
ART 6.9.5 Provide Civil Law Support .............................................................6-82
ART 6.9.6 Provide Claims Support.................................................................6-83
ART 6.9.7 Provide Legal Assistance ..............................................................6-84
Section X – ART 6.10: Provide General Engineer Support.........................6-85
ART 6.10.1 Restore Damaged Areas...............................................................6-86
ART 6.10.2 Construct and Maintain Sustainment Lines of Communications ..6-87
ART 6.10.3 Provide Engineer Construction Support......................................6-100
ART 6.10.4 Supply Mobile Electric Power......................................................6-101
ART 6.10.5 Provide Facilities Engineering Support .......................................6-103
Section XI – ART 6.11: Provide Contracting Support ...............................6-108
Section XII – ART 6.12: Provide Distribution Management ......................6-109
Section XIII – ART 6.13: Conduct Internment and Resettlement
Activities.....................................................................................6-110
ART 6.13.1 Perform Enemy Prisoners of War/Civilian Internment ................6-111
ART 6.13.2 Conduct Populace and Resource Control...................................6-112
ART 6.14.1 Provide Interface/Liaison between US Military Forces and Local
Authorities/Nongovernmental Organizations .............................. 6-115
ART 6.14.2 Locate and Identify Population Centers...................................... 6-116
ART 6.14.3 Identify Local Resources/Facilities/Support................................ 6-117
ART 6.14.4 Advise Commanders of Obligations to Civilian Population ........ 6-118
ART 6.14.5 Resettle Refugees and Displaced Civilians................................ 6-119
ART 6.14.6 Establish Temporary Civil Administration (Friendly, Allied, and
Occupied Enemy Territory)......................................................... 6-120
ART 6.14.7 Conduct Negotiations with and between Other Governmental
and Nongovernmental Organizations ......................................... 6-141
CHAPTER 7 ART 7.0: THE COMMAND AND CONTROL BATTLEFIELD OPERATING
SYSTEM............................................................................................................. 7-1
Section I – ART 7.1: Establish Command Post Operations ......................... 7-2
ART 7.1.1 Establish and Conduct Command Post Operations to Support
Tactical Operations ......................................................................... 7-3
ART 7.1.2 Displace the Command Post .......................................................... 7-5
Section II – ART 7.2: Manage Tactical Information....................................... 7-7
ART 7.2.1 Collect Relevant Information........................................................... 7-8
ART 7.2.2 Process Relevant Information to Create a Common Operational
Picture ........................................................................................... 7-10
ART 7.2.3 Display a Common Operational Picture (COP) Tailored to User
Needs............................................................................................ 7-11
ART 7.2.4 Store Relevant Information ........................................................... 7-11
ART 7.2.5 Disseminate Common Operational Picture and Execution
Information to Higher, Lower, Adjacent, Supported, and
Supporting Organizations ............................................................. 7-12
ART 7.2.6 Communicate with Non-English Speaking Forces and Agencies 7-12
Section III – ART 7.3: Assess Tactical Situation and Operations.............. 7-13
ART 7.3.1 Monitor Situation or Progress of Operations ................................ 7-14
ART 7.3.2 Evaluate Situation or Operation.................................................... 7-14
ART 7.3.3 Provide Combat Assessment ....................................................... 7-16
Section IV – ART 7.4: Plan Tactical Operations Using the Military
Decision Making Process/Troop Leading Procedures ........... 7-19
ART 7.4.1 Conduct the Military Decision Making Process ............................ 7-20
ART 7.4.2 Integrate Requirements and Capabilities ..................................... 7-24
ART 7.4.3 Develop Commander’s Critical Information Requirements
Recommendations........................................................................ 7-25
ART 7.4.4 Establish Target Priorities............................................................. 7-26
ART 7.4.5 Provide Operational Law Support................................................. 7-26
ART 7.4.6 Provide Space Support................................................................. 7-27
Section V – ART 7.5: Prepare for Tactical Operations ............................... 7-28
ART 7.5.1 Establish and Conduct Coordination and Liaison......................... 7-29
ART 7.5.2 Conduct Rehearsals ..................................................................... 7-29
ART 7.5.3 Task Organize/Organize for Operations....................................... 7-30
ART 7.5.4 Revise and Refine the Plan .......................................................... 7-31
ART 7.5.5 Conduct Preoperations Checks and Inspections ......................... 7-31
ART 7.5.6 Integrate New Units/Soldiers into the Force ................................. 7-31
Section VI – ART 7.6: Execute Tactical Operations.................................... 7-32
ART 7.6.1 Perform Ongoing Functions.......................................................... 7-33
ART 7.6.2 Execute Planned Actions, Sequels, and Branches ...................... 7-36
ART 7.6.3 Make Adjustments to Resources, Concept of Operations, or
Mission.......................................................................................... 7-36
ART 7.6.4 Synchronize Actions to Produce Maximum Effective Application
of Military Power............................................................................7-36
Section VII – ART 7.7: Support the Commander’s Leadership
Responsibilities for Morale, Welfare, and Discipline...............7-38
ART 7.7.1 Determine Morale and Moral Climate of Organization..................7-38
ART 7.7.2 Establish and Maintain Discipline..................................................7-39
ART 7.7.3 Train Subordinates and Units........................................................7-45
Section VIII – ART 7.8: Conduct Continuous Operations ...........................7-48
ART 7.8.1 Execute Sleep Plans .....................................................................7-48
ART 7.8.2 Manage Stress ..............................................................................7-48
ART 7.8.3 Maintain Continuity of Command and Control ..............................7-49
Section IX – ART 7.9: Develop and Implement Command Safety
Program........................................................................................7-49
Section X – ART 7.10: Conduct Public Affairs Operations.........................7-50
ART 7.10.1 Execute Information Strategies .....................................................7-50
ART 7.10.2 Facilitate Media Operations...........................................................7-51
ART 7.10.3 Maintain Community Relations......................................................7-51
ART 7.10.4 Conduct Internal Information Program ..........................................7-52
ART 7.10.5 Implement Higher Headquarters Public Affairs Themes...............7-52
ART 7.10.6 Provide Visual Information Support...............................................7-52
Section XI – ART 7.11: Preserve Historical Documents And Artifacts......7-53
ART 7.11.1 Collect Historical Documents And Artifacts...................................7-55
ART 7.11.2 Protect Historical Documents And Artifacts ..................................7-56
ART 7.11.3 Prepare Historical Reports Of Military Operations ........................7-57
ART 7.11.4 Ship Historical Documents And Artifacts.......................................7-58
ART 7.11.5 Display Historical Artifacts.............................................................7-59
CHAPTER 8 ART 8.0: CONDUCT TACTICAL MISSION TASKS AND OPERATIONS.......8-1
Measures of Accomplishment.............................................................................8-1
Section I – ART 8.1: Conduct Offensive Operations .....................................8-2
ART 8.1.1 Conduct a Movement to Contact.....................................................8-3
ART 8.1.2 Conduct an Attack ...........................................................................8-4
ART 8.1.3 Conduct an Exploitation ..................................................................8-6
ART 8.1.4 Conduct a Pursuit............................................................................8-6
ART 8.1.5 Conduct One of the Five Forms of Maneuver.................................8-7
Section II – ART 8.2: Conduct Defensive Operations .................................8-10
ART 8.2.1 Conduct an Area Defense .............................................................8-10
ART 8.2.2 Conduct a Mobile Defense............................................................8-11
ART 8.2.3 Conduct a Retrograde ...................................................................8-11
Section III – ART 8.3: Conduct Stability Operations....................................8-12
ART 8.3.1 Conduct Peace Operations ...........................................................8-13
ART 8.3.2 Conduct Foreign Internal Defense Operations .............................8-14
ART 8.3.3 Conduct Security Assistance.........................................................8-15
ART 8.3.4 Conduct Humanitarian and Civic Assistance ................................8-16
ART 8.3.5 Provide Support to Insurgencies ...................................................8-16
ART 8.3.6 Support Counterdrug Operations ..................................................8-17
ART 8.3.7 Combat Terrorism .........................................................................8-20
ART 8.3.8 Perform Noncombatant Evacuation Operations ...........................8-21
ART 8.3.9 Conduct Arms Control Operations ................................................8-21
ART 8.3.10 Conduct a Show of Force..............................................................8-21
Section IV – ART 8.4: Conduct Support Operations ...................................8-22
ART 8.4.1 Conduct Domestic Support Operations.........................................8-22
ART 8.4.2 Conduct Foreign Humanitarian Assistance .................................. 8-23
ART 8.4.3 Conduct Forms of Support Operations......................................... 8-24
Section V – ART 8.5: Conduct Tactical Mission Tasks .............................. 8-28
ART 8.5.1 Attack by Fire an Enemy Force/Position....................................... 8-28
ART 8.5.2 Block an Enemy Force.................................................................. 8-28
ART 8.5.3 Breach Enemy Defensive Positions.............................................. 8-29
ART 8.5.4 Bypass Enemy Obstacles/Forces/Positions ................................. 8-29
ART 8.5.5 Canalize Enemy Movement.......................................................... 8-29
ART 8.5.6 Clear Enemy Forces ..................................................................... 8-29
ART 8.5.7 Conduct Counterreconnaissance ................................................. 8-29
ART 8.5.8 Contain an Enemy Force .............................................................. 8-29
ART 8.5.9 Control an Area............................................................................. 8-29
ART 8.5.10 Defeat an Enemy Force................................................................ 8-29
ART 8.5.11 Destroy a Designated Enemy Force/Position............................... 8-30
ART 8.5.12 Disengage from a Designated Enemy Force................................ 8-30
ART 8.5.13 Disrupt a Designated Enemy Force’s Formation/
Tempo/Timetable .......................................................................... 8-30
ART 8.5.14 Conduct an Exfiltration.................................................................. 8-30
ART 8.5.15 Fix an Enemy Force...................................................................... 8-30
ART 8.5.16 Follow and Assume the Missions of a Friendly Force .................. 8-30
ART 8.5.17 Follow and Support the Actions of a Friendly Force..................... 8-30
ART 8.5.18 Interdict an Area/Route to Prevent/Disrupt/ Delay its Use by an
Enemy Force................................................................................. 8-31
ART 8.5.19 Isolate an Enemy Force................................................................ 8-31
ART 8.5.20 Neutralize an Enemy Force .......................................................... 8-31
ART 8.5.21 Occupy an Area ............................................................................ 8-31
ART 8.5.22 Reduce an Encircled/Bypassed Enemy Force ............................. 8-31
ART 8.5.23 Retain a Terrain Feature............................................................... 8-31
ART 8.5.24 Secure a Unit/Facility/Location ..................................................... 8-31
ART 8.5.25 Seize an Area ............................................................................... 8-31
ART 8.5.26 Support By Fire the Maneuver of Another Friendly Force............ 8-31
ART 8.5.27 Suppress a Force/Weapon System.............................................. 8-32
ART 8.5.28 Turn an Enemy Force ................................................................... 8-32
ART 8.5.29 Conduct Combat Search and Rescue .......................................... 8-32
ART 8.5.30 Conduct Consolidation and Reorganization Activities.................. 8-32
ART 8.5.31 Reconstitute Tactical Forces ........................................................ 8-32
Section VI – ART 8.6: Conduct Transitions ................................................. 8-33
GLOSSARY ...............................................................................................................Glossary-1
BIBLIOGRAPHY...................................................................................................... Bibliography-1

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