Combat Stress

 

Publication Title:                   Combat Stress
Publication/revision date:    23 JUN 2000
Field Manual:                        FM 6-22.5
                                               MCRP 6-11C
                                               NTTP 1-15M
   Supersedes:                      none
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
Chapter 1. Combat Stress Identification
1001 INTRODUCTION...............................................................1
1002 HISTORY............................................................................1
1003 REACTIONS TO COMBAT STRESS ...............................2
1004 OBSERVING AND RECOGNIZING COMMON
REACTIONS TO COMBAT STRESS.............................3
Fatigue ............................................................................6
Muscular Tension ...........................................................6
Shaking and Tremors......................................................6
Perspiration.....................................................................7
Digestive and Urinary Systems ......................................7
Circulatory and Respiratory Systems .............................8
Sleep Disturbance ...........................................................8
Visual/Hearing Problems and Partial Paralysis ............10
Bodily Arousal..............................................................11
Anxiety (Fear of Death, Pain, and Injury) ....................12
Irritability......................................................................12
Depression ....................................................................13
Substance Abuse...........................................................14
Loss of Adaptability .....................................................14
Disruptive Reactions.....................................................14
Referral to the Chaplain, Medical Officer or
Combat Stress Control Team......................................15
1005 SUICIDE AWARENESS ..................................................16
Chapter 2. Combat Stress Prevention,
Management, and Control
2001 PREVENTING AND MANAGING
COMBAT STRESS ......................................................17
2002 STRESS-REDUCTION TECHNIQUES
FOR LEADERS...........................................................17
2003 PERFORMANCE DEGREDATION
PREVENTIVE MEASURES.......................................20
Safety ........................................................................21
Food Intake ...............................................................21
Combat Load.............................................................23
Physical Fitness.........................................................23
2004 EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP.........................................24
2005 COMBAT STRESS MANAGEMENT
BUILDING BLOCKS .................................................26
Confidence in Leaders ..............................................26
Confidence in Training .............................................27
Confidence in Unit ....................................................27
Confidence in Equipment .........................................28
Cohesion and Morale ................................................28
Physical Conditioning...............................................28
Family Care...............................................................29
Coping with Individual Stress...................................30
2006 CRITICAL EVENT DEBRIEF AND UNIT
LEADER’S AFTER ACTION REVIEW...................32
Critical Event Debrief ...............................................32
After Action Review .................................................33
2007 EFFECTIVE COMBAT STRESS
CONTROL PROGRAM............................................. 34
Phase 1: Predeployment............................................ 34
Phase 2: Deployment and Combat............................ 41
Phase 3: Post-Combat............................................... 45
Chapter 3. Command Leadership Actions
3001 LEADERSHIP ACTIONS AND INTERVENTIONS
FOR COMBAT STRESS ........................................... 47
3002 SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS .................................... 49
3003 COMBAT STRESS CASUALTY INTERVENTION
MODELS ................................................................... 51
Chapter 4. Sleep Deprivation
4001 CHALLENGES OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION .............. 57
4002 EFFECTS OF SUSTAINED OPERATIONS
ON PERFORMANCE................................................ 61
Adverse Conditions .................................................. 62
Sleep Loss Indicators................................................ 63
Loss of Concentration............................................... 65
4003 ACHIEVING SLEEP IN COMBAT............................. 66
Rhythmic Variations................................................. 66
Sleep Shifts ............................................................... 68
Sleep/Rest Guidelines............................................... 68
Measuring Sleep Loss............................................... 70
Sleep Loss Alternative.............................................. 70
4004 SLEEP/REST PLANNNING.........................................71
Pre-Deployment Stage ..............................................71
Deployment Stage.....................................................72
Pre-Combat Stage .....................................................72
Combat Stage ............................................................72
Post-Combat Stage....................................................73
Appendices
A Suicide Awareness Information ...................................A-1
B Religious Ministry Team’s Role .................................B-1
C Glossary .......................................................................C-1
Section I. Acronyms ...............................................C-1
Section II. Definitions .............................................C-2
D References....................................................................D-1

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