Topographic Surveying

 

Publication Title:                   Topographic Surveying
Publication/revision date:    16 JAN 2001
Field Manual:                        FM 3-34.331
   Supersedes:                      FM 5-232, 27 September 1989, and Technical Manuals (TMs) 5-232,
                                               1 June 1971, and 5-237, 30 October 1964. It also supersedes DA Forms
                                               1904, 1 February 1957; 1906, 1 February 1957; 1908, 1 February 1957;
                                               1910, 1 February 1957; 1912, 1 February 1957; 19
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
PREFACE
Chapter 1. MISSIONS, OPERATIONS, AND DUTIES

Survey Missions

Survey Operations

Survey-Personnel Duties

Fieldwork

Office Work

Survey Communication
Chapter 2. PROJECT PLANNING

Section I - Evaluation and Scheduling

Project Requirements

Unit Capabilities

Accuracy Constraints

Milestones

Administrative Support

Logistics Support

Section II - Information-Gathering Trips

Initial Site-Visitation Trip

Administrative-Recon Trip

Project-Visitation Trip

Section III - Project Execution
Chapter 3. SURVEY RECON

Section I - Recon Fundamentals

Recon Requirements

Recon-Party Composition

Section II - Recon Phases

Office Recon

Field Recon

Recon Reports
Chapter 4. DATUMS, GRIDS, AND COORDINATE REFERENCES

Datums

Grids

Coordinate References
Chapter 5. CONVENTIONAL SURVEY-DATA COLLECTION

Section I - Fundamentals

Angle Determination

Distance Measurement

Electronic Total Stations

Section II - Targets

Optical-Theodolite Target Set

AISI Target Set

Target Setup

Lighted Target Sets

Target and Tribrach Adjustment

Signals

Section III - AISI

Description

Components

Leveling

Quick Check

Data Collection

File Transfer

File Editing

Communications

Instrument Maintenance

Section IV - CAD Interface

Total-Station Data Collection and Input

Plotting
Chapter 6. TRAVERSE

Starting Control

Open Traverse

Closed Traverse

Fieldwork

Traverse Stations

Traverse-Party Organization

Azimuth Computations

Azimuth-Bearing Angle Relationship

Coordinate Computations

Accuracy and Specifications
Chapter 7. DIFFERENTIAL LEVELING

Section I - Instruments and Equipment

Automatic Levels

Digital Levels

Optical-Micrometer Levels

Leveling Rods and Accessories

Instrument Testing and Adjustment

Section II - Precise Leveling Procedures

Recon

DE Determination

Field-Party Composition

Data Recording

C-Factor Determination

Center-Wire Adjustment

SIF Determination
Chapter 8. NAVSTAR GPS

Section I - GPS Overview

Operating and Tracking Modes

System Configuration

Broadcast Frequencies and Codes

Broadcast Ephemeris Data

Section II - Absolute Positioning

Absolute-Positioning Accuracies

Pseudoranging

Absolute-Positioning Error Sources

User Equivalent Range Error

Accuracies

Section III - Differential Precise Positioning

Code-Pseudorange Tracking

Carrier-Phase Tracking

Vertical Measurements

Differential Error Sources

Differential Accuracies

Section IV - Precise-Positioning Survey Planning

Project-Control Accuracy

Network-Design Factors

Network Design and Layout

GPS-S Techniques

Section V - Precise-Positioning Survey Conduct

Basic GPS-S Procedures

Absolute Positioning

Differential Positioning

DGPS Carrier-Phase Horizontal-Positioning Surveys

Static Surveying

Stop-and-Go Kinematic Surveying

Kinematic Surveying

Pseudokinematic Surveying

Rapid-Static Surveying

OTF/RTK Surveying

Section VI - Precise-Positioning Survey-Data Processing

Processing Techniques

Baseline Solution by Linear Combination

Baseline Solution by Cycle-Ambiguity Recovery

Data Processing and Verification

Loop-Closure Checks

Data Archival

Section VII - Precise-Positioning Survey Adjustments

GPS Error-Measurement Statistical Terms

Adjustment Considerations

Survey Accuracy

Internal Versus External Accuracy

Adjustments

Evaluation of Adjustment Results

Final-Adjustment Reports
Chapter 9. ARTILLERY SURVEYS

US Army FA

ADA

Survey Planning
Chapter 10. AIRFIELD-OBSTRUCTION AND NAVAID ENGINEERYING SURVEYS

Airport Obstruction Charts and NAVAID Surveys

FAA and FAR Standards

Airfield-Data Accuracy Requirements

Reporting
Chapter 11. REPORTS, BRIEFINGS, AND OPERATION ORDERS

Section I - Reports

General

ISVT Report

Recon Report

Progress Report

End-of-Project Report

Incident Report

Report Disposition

Section II - Briefings

Impromptu Briefing

Deliberate Briefing

Briefing Procedures

Section III - Survey SOP and Supporting Annexes
Appendix A. MENSURAL CONVERSION CHARTS
Appendix B. CONTROL-SURVEY STANDARDS

Differential Leveling

Horizontal-Angle Measurement

Trigonometric Observations

GPS Techniques
Appendix C. BASIC SURVEY COMPUTATIONS

Computation of a Two-Point Intersection

Computation of a Grid Traverse and Side Shots

Computation of a C-Factor

Computation of a Level Line
Appendix D. SURVEY FORMS
GLOSSARY
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX
AUTHENTICATION PAGE
 

Media Format
 $12.00 USD

HOME
COPYRIGHT ©2003-2005 www.militarypubs.com