NLW Tactical Employment of Nonlethal Weapons

 

Publication Title:                   NLW Tactical Employment of Nonlethal Weapons
Publication/revision date:    15 JAN 2003
Field Manual:                        FM 3-22.40
                                               MCRP 3-15.8
                                               NTTP 3-07.3.2
                                               AFTTP(I) 3-2.45
                                               USCG 3-07.31
   Supersedes:                      FM 90-40, 06 OCT 1988
                                               MCRP 3-15.8
                                               NWP 3-07-31
                                               USCG 3-07-31
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
PREFACE ..............................................................................................................I
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.......................................................................................................IX
PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS.................................................................................................XI
CHAPTER I OVERVIEW OF NONLETHAL WEAPONS.......................................I-1
Background.......................................................................................I-1
Definition..........................................................................................I-1
Concept Description .........................................................................I-1
Background on Development and Employment .............................I-2
Relationship of NLW to Deadly Force.............................................I-3
Advantages of Employing NLW ......................................................I-4
Policy Per Office of the Secretary of Defense Instructions on
Employment of NLW........................................................................I-4
CHAPTER II PURPOSE, SYSTEM DESCRIPTION, AND ORGANIZATION .......II-1
Purpose ............................................................................................II-1
System Description .........................................................................II-1
Organization....................................................................................II-2
CHAPTER III NLW CAPABILITY REQUIREMENTS............................................III-1
Applicability Across the Range of Military Operations ...............III-1
Core Capabilities............................................................................III-2
Limitations .....................................................................................III-3
CHAPTER IV TRAINING .......................................................................................IV-1
Fundamental Concepts and Training Requirements...................IV-1
Training of Instructors...................................................................IV-1
Nonlethal Training Topics for Deploying Units ...........................IV-1
Leader Training .............................................................................IV-2
Unit Training .................................................................................IV-3
Training Disclaimer .......................................................................IV-3
Additional Training........................................................................IV-3
Summary ........................................................................................IV-4
CHAPTER V EMPLOYMENT ................................................................................V-1
Background......................................................................................V-1
Mission Planning Factors ...............................................................V-1
NLW Tasks......................................................................................V-2
Staff Planning/Responsibilities ....................................................V-16
Tactics............................................................................................V-17
Employment Objectives ................................................................V-20
Rules of Engagement ....................................................................V-21
CHAPTER VI LESSONS LEARNED .....................................................................VI-1
Background.....................................................................................VI-1
Lessons Learned.............................................................................VI-1
Employment ...................................................................................VI-2
Publicity and Media .......................................................................VI-3
Capabilities and Impact on Mission Accomplishment .................VI-3
Knowing Your Adversary...............................................................VI-4
Summary ........................................................................................VI-5
APPENDIX A DOD NONLETHAL WEAPONS AND EQUIPMENT ITEM
DESCRIPTION................................................................................ A-1
APPENDIX B SUMMARY: SPECIALTY IMPACT MUNITIONS............................ B-1
APPENDIX C INTERSERVICE NONLETHAL INDIVIDUAL WEAPONS
INSTRUCTOR COURSE................................................................. C-1
APPENDIX D SAMPLE: UNIT TRAINING SCHEDULES/FIRING TABLES......... D-1
APPENDIX E NLW CAPABILITY SETS.................................................................E-1
REFERENCES .........................................................................................References-1
GLOSSARY .............................................................................................Glossary-1
INDEX ...................................................................................................Index-1
FIGURES V-1. Nonlethal Weapons Ranges ..................................................V-21
V-2. Platoon in Depth....................................................................V-22
V-3. Platoon Recovery Team Deployment—Security
Element ...................................................................................V-23
V-4. Platoon Recovery Team Deployment—Recovery Team.......V-24
V-5. Platoon Recovery Team Deployment—Recovery Team
Redeploy ..................................................................................V-25
V-6. Platoon Recovery Team Deployment—Security
Element Redeploy ...................................................................V-26
V-7. Platoon On Line—Munitions Squad in Close Support to
Cover Flanks ...........................................................................V-26
V-8. Platoon Column .....................................................................V-27
V-9. Platoon On Line.....................................................................V-28
V-10. Platoon Lateral Support, Left (Right) ................................V-28
V-11. Two Platoons in Close Support ...........................................V-29
V-12. Recovery Team Deployment................................................V-29
V-13. Recovery Team Actions and Security Posture ...................V-30
V-14. Platoon in Column (USMC) ................................................V-31
V-15. Platoon in General Support (USMC)..................................V-32
V-16. Platoon in Close Support (Start) (USMC) ..........................V-33
V-17. Platoon in Close Support (Finish).......................................V-34
V-18. Deploying Soft Baseline ......................................................V-35
V-19. Deploying Escort Team (Start) ...........................................V-36
V-20. Deploying Escort Team (Finish) .........................................V-37
V-21. Recovery of Downed Personnel or Stranded Vehicle
(Big Johnson) ..........................................................................V-38
A-1. Riot Face Shield........................................................................A-1
A-2. Riot Body Shield .......................................................................A-1
A-3. Riot Shin Guard .......................................................................A-2
A-4. Expandable Riot Baton (with holster)....................................A-2
A-5. Portable Bullhorn.....................................................................A-2
A-6. Disposable Handcuff ................................................................A-3
A-7. Training Disposable Handcuff.................................................A-3
A-8. MK-4 Pepper Spray Pouch.......................................................A-3
A-9. MK-4 Individual Live OC Pepper Spray.................................A-3
A-10. MK-9 Pepper Spray Pouch.....................................................A-3
A-11. MK-9 Squad Live OC Pepper Spray.....
.................................A-4
A-12. MK-46 Platoon Live (Horizontal) OC Pepper Spray ............A-4
A-13. MK-46 Sling............................................................................A-4
A-14. MK-46 Hardware Kit ............................................................A-4
A-15. MK-46 Refill Live OC Pepper Spray ....................................A-5
A-16. MK-4 Individual Inert OC Pepper Spray.............................A-5
A-17. MK-9 Squad Inert OC Pepper Spray....................................A-5
A-18. MK-46 Platoon Inert OC Pepper Spray ..............................A-5
A-19. MK-46 Refill Inert OC Pepper Spray ...................................A-6
A-20. FIST Training Suit................................................................A-6
A-21. Riot Training Strike Bag.......................................................A-6
A-22. Caltrop ...................................................................................A-6
A-23. Road Side Spike Strip ...........................................................A-7
A-24. High-Intensity Search Light.................................................A-7
A-25. Individual Light Holster (6P) ...............................................A-7
A-26. 6P Individual Light ...............................................................A-7
A-27. 6P Individual Light Accessory Kit......................................A-8
A-28. 3V Lithium Batteries ............................................................A-8
A-29. 12-Gauge Buttstock Cuff.......................................................A-8
A-30. 12-Gauge Utility Pouch.........................................................A-8
A-31. 40-mm Carrying Pouch .........................................................A-8
A-32. Diversionary/Rubber Ball Grenade Pouch...........................A-9
A-33. 12-Gauge Mossberg 500A2/590 Shotgun..............................A-9
A-34. 12-Gauge M870 (modified) Version 2 (USCG) .....................A-9
A-35. Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight (ACOG) Reflex
Sight (USCG) ............................................................................A-9
A-36. ACOG Reflex Sight (USCG)................................................A-10
A-37. Crowd Dispersal Cartridge .................................................A-10
A-38. Soldier Employing CDC with M203 ..................................A-10
A-39. PVAB in Action (Far View) .................................................A-11
A-40. PVAB in Action Near View .................................................A-11
A-41. Modified Crowd Control Munition-Ground Emplaced
(MCCM-GE) ............................................................................A-11
A-42. MCCM-GE Range Chart .....................................................A-12
A-43. 66-mm Vehicle Mounted Nonlethal Grenade Launcher
(VMNLGL) ..............................................................................A-13
A-44. VMNLGL Range Chart .......................................................A-13
A-45. Running Gear Entanglement System (RGES)...................A-14
A-46. RGES Surface Delivery System..........................................A-14
A-47. RGES Barrier Employment ................................................A-15
A-48. RGES Aerial Delivery System (ADS).................................A-15
A-49. RGES Aerial Delivery System (ADS).................................A-16
A-50. Warp Cutter.........................................................................A-17
B-1. 12-Gauge Launch Cartridge ...................................................B-1
B-2. 12-Gauge Bean Bag Cartridge................................................B-2
B-3. 12-Gauge Rubber Fin Stabilized Cartridge ...........................B-3
B-4. 40-mm Foam Rubber Baton Cartridge...................................B-4
B-5. 40-mm Rubber Ball Cartridge ................................................B-5
B-6. Rubber Ball Grenade...............................................................B-6
B-7. Practice Grenade Body............................................................B-7
B-8. Practice Grenade Fuze ............................................................B-8
B-9. Nonlethal Grenade Launch Cup.............................................B-9
B-10. Diversionary Charge, MK 141, MOD 0 ..............................B-10
B-11. Cartridge, 12-Gauge Rubber Sting Ball™.........................B-11
B-12. Cartridge, 12-Gauge Sting Ball™ High Velocity...............B-12
B-13. M1006, 40-mm Nonlethal Cartridge (Sponge Grenade)....B-13
B-14. M1012, 12-Gauge Shotgun: Nonlethal, Point Control
Cartridge .................................................................................B-14
B-15. M1013, 12-Gauge Shotgun: Nonlethal, Crowd
Dispersal Cartridge ................................................................B-15
B-16. M1029, 40-mm Nonlethal Crowd Dispersal Grenade .......B-16
B-17. L96A1, Grenade, Discharger: Antiriot, Irritant, CS ........B-17
B-18. L97A1, Grenade, Discharger: Antiriot, Practice...............B-18
B-19. Grenade, Launcher: Nonlethal, Distraction, M98 ............B-19
B-20. M99, Grenade, Launcher: Nonlethal, Blunt Trauma.......B-20
Tables V-1. Crowd Control........................................................................... V-4
V-2. Incapacitate Personnel............................................................. V-6
V-3. Deny Area to Personnel............................................................ V-7
V-4. Deny Area to Vehicles .............................................................. V-9
V-5. Deny/Neutralize Vehicles, Aircraft, Vessels, and
Facilities ..................................................................................V-10
V-6. Seize Personnel.......................................................................V-12
V-7. Clear Facilities of Personnel ..................................................V-13
C-1. Required Equipment For INIWIC...........................................C-2
C-2. INIWIC Class V Requirements ...............................................C-4
C-3. INIWIC Curriculum .................................................................C-4
D-1. NLW Training Course 5-Day Training Schedule ................D-12
D-2. NLW Training Course 10-Day Training Schedule ..............D-13
E-1 U.S. Army Nonlethal Capability Set (Version FY 2001) ........ E-1
E-2 U.S. Marine Corps FY02 Company-Size Nonlethal
Capability Set............................................................................ E-2
E-3 USMC FY02 NLW Capability Set—Platoon Size ................... E-3
E-4. Notional USN NLW Capability Set......................................... E-4
E-5. Notional USN Capability Set................................................... E-5
E-6. USAF NLW Capability Set ..................................................... E-6
E-5. Notional USCG NLW Capability Set ...................................... E-7

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