TOW Weapon System

 

Publication Title:                   TOW Weapon System
Publication/revision date:    28 NOV 2003
Field Manual:                        FM 3-22.34
   Supersedes:                      FM 23-34, 17 AUG 1994
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
Preface............................................................................................................................... iv
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
1-1. Characteristics...........................................................................1-1
1-2. System Configurations..............................................................1-2
1-3. Missile Configurations and Types ............................................ 1-5
1-4. TOW Missile Identification ...................................................... 1-6
1-5. Internal Components and Sequence of Operations................... 1-8
1-6. TOW Training Strategy ..........................................................1-11
CHAPTER 2. TRIPOD-MOUNTED TOW/TOW 2
Section I. Operation Procedures............................................................................2-1
2-1. System Checkout ......................................................................2-1
2-2. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services.......................... 2-1
2-3. Selection of Firing Positions..................................................... 2-1
2-4. Preparation of Missiles .............................................................2-2
Section II. Performance Problems and Destruction Procedures............................. 2-2
2-5. Malfunctions .............................................................................2-2
2-6. Firing Limitations .....................................................................2-4
2-7. Destruction of TOW Weapon Systems..................................... 2-9
CHAPTER 3. M966-MOUNTED TOW/TOW 2
Section I. Individual Duties and Responsibilities ................................................. 3-1
3-1. Squad Leader ............................................................................3-1
3-2. Gunner ......................................................................................3-2
3-3. Driver-Loader ...........................................................................3-2
Section II. Operation Procedures............................................................................3-3
3-4. Equipment Storage....................................................................3-3
3-5. HMMWV Interchangeable Mount System............................... 3-5
3-6. Preparation of an M966 for TOW Firing.................................. 3-6
3-7. Loading, Arming, and Unloading........................................... 3-12
3-8. Target Engagement .................................................................3-15
3-10. M220A1 Dismount .................................................................3-20
3-11. M220A1 Remount ..................................................................3-21
3-12. M220A2 Dismount (Ready-to-Fire Configuration)................ 3-23
3-13. M220A2 Remount (Ready-to-Fire Configuration)................. 3-24
3-14. Firing Limitations ...................................................................3-25
CHAPTER 4. TOW TRAINING PROGRAM
Section I. Training Assessment and Planning....................................................... 4-1
4-1. Commander’s Responsibility....................................................4-1
4-2. Sustainment Training and Evaluation....................................... 4-2
4-3. TOW Training Guidelines ........................................................4-2
4-4. TOW Gunnery Tables...............................................................4-4
4-5. Conduct of Unit TOW Training................................................ 4-4
4-6. Collective Training ...................................................................4-5
Section II. TOW Training Phases........................................................................... 4-5
4-7. Phase I: Individual Training ..................................................... 4-6
4-8. Phase II: Squad Training......................................................... 4-18
4-9. Phase III: Section Training ..................................................... 4-25
4-10. Phase IV: Platoon Training..................................................... 4-30
4-11. Field Tracking.........................................................................4-37
CHAPTER 5. COMBAT TECHNIQUES OF FIRE
Section I. Fire Control Measures .......................................................................... 5-1
5-1. Target Engagement Determination........................................... 5-1
5-2. Fire Commands.........................................................................5-5
5-3. Target Tracking.........................................................................5-8
5-4. Target Engagement with the M220A1 (Basic TOW)............... 5-9
5-5. Target Engagement with M220A2 (TOW 2).......................... 5-11
Section II. Helicopter Engagement.......................................................................5-12
5-6. Operational Concept ...............................................................5-12
5-7. Gunnery Training....................................................................5-12
Section III. NBC and Limited Visibility Conditions ............................................. 5-13
5-8. Decontamination.....................................................................5-13
5-9. Thermal Target Recognition, Identification, and
Engagement ............................................................................5-13
5-10. Effects of Weather and Obscurants ........................................ 5-14
5-11. Compensation for Target Appearance Variables.................... 5-15
5-12. Battlefield Identification.........................................................5-16
Section IV. Electrooptical Countermeasures .........................................................5-16
5-13. TOW Launcher .......................................................................5-16
5-14. TOW 2 Launcher ....................................................................5-17
APPENDIX A. TOW TRAINING TIPS ................................................................. A-1
APPENDIX B. TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM...........................................B-1
APPENDIX C. FIGHTING POSITIONS ................................................................C-1
APPENDIX D. STANDARD RANGE CARD ........................................................ D-1
APPENDIX E. SAFETY............................................................................................E-1
APPENDIX F. TOW TRAINING DEVICES.......................................................... F-1
APPENDIX G. COMBAT VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION.................................. G-1
APPENDIX H. OPFOR/THREAT COUNTERPART SYSTEMS....................... H-1
GLOSSARY........................................................................................................Glossary-1
REFERENCES............................................................................................... References-1
INDEX...................................................................................................................... Index-1

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