NBC Defense Operations

 

Publication Title:                   NBC Defense Operations
Publication/revision date:    10 MAR 2003
Field Manual:                        FM 3-11
                                               MCWP 3-27.1
                                               NWP 3-11
                                               AFTTP(I) 3-2.42
   Supersedes:                      FM 3-100, 08 MAY 1996
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

Contents:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY................................................................................................... xi
PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS............................................................................................xiii
CHAPTER I POLICY AND ENVIRONMENT
Policy.......................................................................................................I-1
Counterproliferation Operations............................................................ I-3
Threat Environment .............................................................................I-4
Maintaining Preparedness ....................................................................I-9
Organization of Operational Areas .....................................................I-13
Conditions of the Battlespace .............................................................I-13
Commanders’ Planning Considerations..............................................I-14
CHAPTER II NBC DEFENSE CHALLENGES
Contamination Avoidance ....................................................................II-1
NBC Protection ....................................................................................II-7
Decontamination ................................................................................II-12
NBC Battle Management ..................................................................II-15
Commander-Staff Interactions in Meeting NBC
Defense Challenges .............................................................................II-20
CHAPTER III NBC DEFENSE C² CONSIDERATIONS, ROLES, AND
RESPONSIBILITIES
NBC Defense C² Considerations..........................................................III-1
Command and Support Relationships—NBC Units ..........................III-2
Command Responsibilities for
Operations in NBC Environments ......................................................III-3
NBC Defense Supporting Plans ..........................................................III-6
CHAPTER IV PLANNING
Strategic, Operational, and Tactical Planning ................................. IV-1
Joint Force Planning Considerations................................................. IV-4
NBC Defense Plans............................................................................. IV-6
CHAPTER V PEACETIME PREPAREDNESS AND TRANSITION TO OPERATIONS
Peacetime Preparedness ..................................................................... V-1
Transition to Operations...................................................................... V-3
CHAPTER VI SUSTAINED OPERATIONS
Challenges .......................................................................................... VI-1
Conducting Sustained Operations ..................................................... VI-2
CHAPTER VII SUPPORTING CONFLICT TERMINATION
Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace ..................................... VII-2
Force Protection ................................................................................ VII-2
Decontamination ................................................................................ VII-2
Mitigation of Residual Hazards......................................................... VII-2
Control and Recovery of Adversary NBC Capabilities..................... VII-3
Coordination with Nonmilitary Entities........................................... VII-4
Force Health Protection..................................................................... VII-4
Accurate Record Keeping................................................................... VII-5
Contaminated Remains ..................................................................... VII-5
Contaminated Material Retrograde.................................................. VII-5
Transition and Disengagement ......................................................... VII-7
CHAPTER VIII REAR AREA OPERATIONS
JRA Coordination ............................................................................. VIII-1
JRA Planning for NBC Defense of
Fixed Sites, Ports, or Airfields.......................................................... VIII-4
CHAPTER IX HEALTH SERVICE SUPPORT
Health Service Support ...................................................................... IX-1
Medical Intelligence ........................................................................... IX-2
Patient Evacuation ............................................................................. IX-3
Patient Decontamination and Triage ................................................ IX-4
Medical Facilities ............................................................................... IX-4
Impact on HSS ................................................................................... IX-5
APPENDIX A USA NBC DEFENSE CAPABILITIES
USA (Organization).............................................................................. A-2
Organization for Combat .................................................................... A-4
Command and Support Relationships ................................................ A-9
Task Organization.............................................................................. A-10
Roles of the NBC Staff Elements ...................................................... A-11
Roles of the NBC Unit HQ and Staff Elements................................ A-12
Army Assets........................................................................................ A-13
NBC Special Staff Responsibilities ................................................... A-18
Battlefield Functions for Commanders............................................. A-26
NBC Defense Assets........................................................................... A-31
APPENDIX B USN CBR CAPABILITIES
Shipboard CBR Defense ...................................................................... B-1
Expeditionary Warfare CBRD............................................................. B-1
Naval Installations CBRD Actions ..................................................... B-2
Naval Aviation CBRD.......................................................................... B-2
Navy Medical Capabilities .................................................................. B-2
APPENDIX C USMC NBC CAPABILITIES
USMC (Organization) ......................................................................... C-1
USMC Assets ....................................................................................... C-7
USMC Staff Responsibilities in NBC Operations ........................... C-12
APPENDIX D USAF NBC DEFENSE CAPABILITIES
USAF (Organization) .......................................................................... D-1
USAF Assets ........................................................................................ D-3
USAF Staff Responsibilities ............................................................... D-5
USAF Deployable NBC Defense Capabilities .................................... D-7
APPENDIX E NBC THREAT CONDITIONS
NBC Threat Status ............................................................................. E-1
Completing NBC Threat Status Matrix ............................................. E-3
APPENDIX F NBC DEFENSE DOCTRINE HIERARCHY
Published Manuals................................................................................F-1
Manuals Under Development...............................................................F-1
APPENDIX G BASIC STANDARDS OF PROFICIENCY
Individual Protection ..........................................................................G-1
Basic Standards of Proficiency for NBC Defense ..............................G-4
Basic Standards of Proficiency for Commanders ...............................G-6
Basic Standards of Proficiency for Civilians.......................................G-6
Basic Standards of Proficiency for Medical Personnel ......................G-8
Guide to Organization for NBC Defense ..........................................G-10
Suggested NBC Defense Organization—Land Forces
and Air Forces ...................................................................................G-10
Suggested NBC Organization—Naval ..............................................G-11
Training Standards............................................................................G-11
REFERENCES ....................................................................................................... References-1
GLOSSARY................................................................................................................. Glossary-1
INDEX ............................................................................................................................... Index-1
FIGURES I-1 Counterproliferation Operational Concept ................................I-3
I-2 Battle for Al Faw, April 1988 ...................................................I-10
II-1 Risk Assessment ................................................................II-16
II-2 NBC Information Management ..........................................II-19
IV-1 Joint Force Planning Considerations for Operations
in NBC Environments ............................................................. IV-4
IV-2 NBC Defense Support Planning Considerations .................... IV-7
VII-1 Deliberate Contaminated Material Retrograde Concept .......VII-6
A-1 NBC Structure in a Typical Theater of Operations ................. A-4
C-1 NBC Centers .....................................................................C-3
C-2 USMC CBIRF Internal Organization ...................................C-9
C-3 Organization of an Incident Site......................................... C-11
TABLES II-1 MOPP Levels for US Forces .......................................................II-8
VIII-1 JRAC-Specific Responsibilities .....................................................VIII-2
A-1 NBC Reconnaissance Platoon (Heavy Division)
Equipment................................................................................ A-13
A-2 Chemical Company (Smoke/Decontamination)
ABN/AA Equipment ................................................................. A-14
A-3 Chemical Company (Reconnaissance/Decontamination)
(ACR) Equipment ..................................................................... A-14
A-4 Chemical Company (Smoke/Reconnaissance/Decontamination)
(ACR) Equipment...................................................................... A-15
A-5 Chemical Company (Reconnaissance/Decontamination)
Corps, TA Equipment................................................................ A-16
A-6 Chemical Company (Biological Detection), Corps
Equipment ................................................................................. A-16
A-7 Chemical Company (NBC Reconnaissance), Corps, TO
Equipment ................................................................................. A-17
A-8 Chemical Team (LA Reconnaissance) Equipment .................... A-17
A-9 Additional NBC Capabilities................................................... A-18
A-10 NBC Functions......................................................................... A-27
A-11 NBC Defense Equipment ........................................................ A-31
B-1 Navy Afloat CBR IPE .......................................................................... B-2
B-2 Navy Ashore CBR IPE.................................................................B-3
B-3 Navy Afloat Chemical Detection Equipment .........................B-3
B-4 Navy Ashore Chemical Detection Equipment........................B-3
B-5 Navy Afloat Biological Detection Equipment ........................B-4
B-6 Navy Ashore Biological Detection Equipment .......................B-4
B-7 Navy Radiological Defense Detection Equipment..................B-4
B-8 Navy Afloat Decontamination Equipment.............................B-5
B-9 Navy Ashore Decontamination Equipment ...........................B-5
B-10 Navy Afloat Collective Protective Systems............................B-6
B-11 Navy Ashore Collective Protective Systems ..........................B-6
C-1 USMC-Unique NBCDE........................................................C-8
D-1 NBCDE Assets (USAF) ............................................................. D-3
E-1 NBC Threat Status Matrix ...................................................... E-4


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