NBC Defense of Theater Fixed Sites, Ports, & Airfields

 

Publication Title:                   NBC Defense of Theater Fixed Sites, Ports, & Airfields
Publication/revision date:    29 SEP 2000
Field Manual:                        FM 3-11.34
                                               MCWP 3-37.5
                                               NTTP 3-11.23
                                               AFTTP(I) 3-2.33
   Supersedes:                      FM 3-4.1, 16 AUG 1989
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

Contents:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY............................................................................................................ x
PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS................................................................................................... xiv
CHAPTER I FIXED SITE NBC ENVIRONMENT
Introduction.......................................................................................... I-1
Terminology.......................................................................................... I-2
Operational Environment.................................................................... I-3
Physical Environment.......................................................................... I-4
Military Environment.......................................................................... I-4
Threat Environment ............................................................................ I-5
CHAPTER II FIXED SITE NBC VULNERABILITY
Overview.............................................................................................. II-1
Fixed Site Vulnerability...................................................................... II-1
Fixed Site Characteristics .................................................................. II-2
Strategic and Operational Impacts .................................................... II-3
Vulnerability Analysis ........................................................................ II-4
Passive Defense Measures.................................................................. II-8
CHAPTER III FIXED SITE NBC DEFENSE RESPONSIBILITIES AND EXECUTION
Fixed Site NBC Defense Goals .......................................................... III-1
Fixed Site NBC Defense Roles/Responsibilities................................ III-1
Resourcing, Deployment, and Execution Guidance .......................... III-6
APPENDIX A FIXED SITE NBC DEFENSE TASK LIST
Persian Gulf Illustration.....................................................................A-1
Persian Gulf Example.........................................................................A-2
APPENDIX B NBC DEFENSE ASSETS
Department of Defense .......................................................................B-1
Army....................................................................................................B-3
Air Force............................................................................................B-10
Navy...................................................................................................B-13
Marine Corps.....................................................................................B-14
Coast Guard ......................................................................................B-17
Other Developments: Air Base/Port Biological Detection System
(Portal Shield) ...................................................................................B-18
Allied/Coalition Assets......................................................................B-19
Covers................................................................................................B-26
Government/Nongovernment Organization Assets .........................B-27
HN Assets..........................................................................................B-28
APPENDIX C VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS AND MITIGATION
Risk Assessment .................................................................................C-1
Nuclear Vulnerability .........................................................................C-5
Biological Vulnerability ......................................................................C-6
Chemical Vulnerability.......................................................................C-8
Vulnerability Assessment Tool (VAT) Example...............................C-13
APPENDIX D FIXED SITE NBC DEFENSE PLANNING TOOLS
Mission Templates ..............................................................................D-1
NBC IPB Template .............................................................................D-2
Site Survey NBC Defense Checklist...................................................D-3
Beddown Priorities Checklist ...........................................................D-10
NBC Reconnaissance Template........................................................D-11
Biodetection Template ......................................................................D-13
Civil Environment................................................................................ I-5
Threat Environment ............................................................................ I-5
FIXED SITE NBC VULNERABILITY
Overview.............................................................................................. II-1
Fixed Site Vulnerability...................................................................... II-1
Fixed Site Characteristics .................................................................. II-2
Strategic and Operational Impacts .................................................... II-3
Vulnerability Analysis ........................................................................ II-4
Passive Defense Measures.................................................................. II-8
FIXED SITE NBC DEFENSE RESPONSIBILITIES AND EXECUTION
Fixed Site NBC Defense Goals .......................................................... III-1
Fixed Site NBC Defense Roles/Responsibilities................................ III-1
Resourcing, Deployment, and Execution Guidance .......................... III-6
FIXED SITE NBC DEFENSE TASK LIST
Persian Gulf Illustration.....................................................................A-1
Persian Gulf Example.........................................................................A-2
NBC DEFENSE ASSETS
Department of Defense .......................................................................B-1
Army....................................................................................................B-3
Air Force............................................................................................B-10
Navy...................................................................................................B-13
Marine Corps.....................................................................................B-14
Coast Guard ......................................................................................B-17
Other Developments: Air Base/Port Biological Detection System
(Portal Shield) ...................................................................................B-18
Allied/Coalition Assets......................................................................B-19
Covers................................................................................................B-26
Government/Nongovernment Organization Assets .........................B-27
HN Assets..........................................................................................B-28
VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS AND MITIGATION
Risk Assessment .................................................................................C-1
Nuclear Vulnerability .........................................................................C-5
Biological Vulnerability ......................................................................C-6
Chemical Vulnerability.......................................................................C-8
Vulnerability Assessment Tool (VAT) Example...............................C-13
FIXED SITE NBC DEFENSE PLANNING TOOLS
Mission Templates ..............................................................................D-1
NBC IPB Template .............................................................................D-2
Site Survey NBC Defense Checklist...................................................D-3
Beddown Priorities Checklist ...........................................................D-10
NBC Reconnaissance Template........................................................D-11
Biodetection Template ......................................................................D-13
Detection Network Example.............................................................D-15
Decontamination Template ..............................................................D-16
Fixed Site NBC Defense Planning....................................................D-19
Fixed Site NBC Recon/Surveillance/Monitoring ..............................D-32
APPENDIX E FIXED SITE NBC DEFENSE EXECUTION TOOLS
NBC Execution Matrix........................................................................E-1
Blank Planning Matrix .......................................................................E-1
APPENDIX F HOST NATION AND CIVILIAN CONSIDERATIONS
Overview..............................................................................................F-1
Organization, Roles, and Responsibilities.......................................... F-1
APPENDIX G TOXIC INDUSTRIAL MATERIALS
General Considerations ..................................................................... G-1
Planning Considerations.................................................................... G-1
Determining Protective Action Zones................................................ G-4
Vulnerability Mitigation .................................................................... G-5
APPENDIX H FIXED SITE DECONTAMINATION
Overview..............................................................................................H-1
Decontamination Decision Logic ........................................................H-1
Facility Decontamination ...................................................................H-5
Terrain Decontamination .................................................................H-12
APPENDIX I RETROGRADE OF EQUIPMENT WITH RESIDUAL NBC
CONTAMINATION
Objective............................................................................................... I-1
Overview............................................................................................... I-1
Concept of the Operation ..................................................................... I-3
JRAC and NBC Retrograde Support Element Procedures............... I-13
Designated Transport Commander ................................................... I-20
Receiving Organizations .................................................................... I-21
APPENDIX I,
ANNEX 1 LOW-LEVEL CHEMICAL AGENT DETECTORS
Low-Level Chemical Agent Detectors .............................................. I-1-1
Low-Level Chemical Agent Alarms .................................................. I-1-1
APPENDIX J NBC PROTECTION OPTIONS
NBC Protection ................................................................................... J-1
NBC Collective Protection .................................................................. J-3
Considerations for Applying Collective Protection
to Existing Buildings .......................................................................... J-4
Expedient NBC Protection.................................................................. J-9
Collective Protection Examples ........................................................ J-12
REFERENCES....................................................................................................... References-1
GLOSSARY...............................................................................................................Glossary-1
I
NDEX.............................................................................................................................Index-1
FIGURES I-1 Force Projection ........................................................................ I-1
II-1 Fixed Site NBC Threats .......................................................... II-2
II-2 Basic Methodology................................................................... II-5
II-3 Chemical Vulnerability Analysis............ ........ ........................II-7
II-4 NBC Defense Principles .......................................................... II-8
II-5 Passive Defense Measures ...................................................... II-9
III-1 JRAC and Base Cluster Influence ......................................... III-2
III-2 JRAC From JF HQs ............................................................... III-2
C-1 Nuclear Risk Assessment........................................................C-2
C-2 Biological Risk Assessment.....................................................C-3
C-3 Chemical Risk Assessment .....................................................C-4
D-1 NBC IPB Template Instructions.............................................D-2
D-2 NBC IPB Template..................................................................D-3
D-3 NBC Reconnaissance Template Instructions .......................D-12
D-4 NBC Reconnaissance Template ............................................D-13
D-5 Biodetection Template Instructions......................................D-14
D-6 Biodetection Template...........................................................D-15
D-7 Detection Network Example .................................................D-16
D-8 Decontamination Template Instructions..............................D-17
D-9 Decontamination Template...................................................D-18
D-10 NBC Defense Measures Support COA..................................D-23
D-11 Best COA ...............................................................................D-23
E-1 Example NBC Execution Matrix.............................................E-2
E-2 Blank Matrix ...........................................................................E-3
G-1 Protective Action Zone............................................................ G-5
H-1 Decon Decisions .......................................................................H-1
H-2 Personnel Decisions.................................................................H-2
H-3 Equipment Decisions...............................................................H-3
H-4 Facility Decisions.....................................................................H-4
H-5 Terrain Decisions.....................................................................H-5
I-1 Minimum Essential Tasks ....................................................... I-3
I-2 NBC Retrograde Goals ............................................................. I-3
I-3 Emergency Retrograde Concept............................................... I-4
I-4 Nonemergency Retrograde Concept......................................... I-7
I-5 General Roles and Responsibilities.......................................... I-8
I-6 JRAC Roles and Responsibilities ............................................. I-8
I-7 Roles and Responsibilities........................................................ I-9
I-8 Operator Procedures............................................................... I-10
I-9 Unit Procedures...................................................................... I-11
I-10 Example DA Form 2404 ......................................................... I-12
I-11 NBCRSE Tasks and Organization Options ........................... I-14
I-12 Possible NBC Retrograde Site ............................................... I-15
I-13 Receiving Yard Detail............................................................. I-16
I-14 Decon Yard Operations .......................................................... I-17
I-15 Monitoring Facility Detail...................................................... I-18
I-16 Weathering/Salvage Yard Detail ........................................... I-19
I-17 Site Support and Operations Detail ...................................... I-20
I-18 Pretransport Checklist ........................................................... I-21
J-1 Suit, Contamination Avoidance and Liquid
Protective ................................................................................. J-1
J-2 Basic Shelter Design ............................................................... J-2
J-3 M20 Simplified Collective Protections Equipment
(SCPE)...................................................................................... J-4
J-4 Modified Environmental Control Unit.................................... J-5
J-5 Fabricated Airlock with Filter-Blower Unit ........................... J-6
J-6 Tent Used as CCA ................................................................... J-6
J-7 Example Shelter Checklist...................................................... J-8
J-8 Foam-In-Place........................................................................ J-10
J-9 Survivable Collective Protection System-2 (SCPS-2)........... J-12
J-10 Chemical Biological Protective Shelter (CBPS).................... J-12
TABLES Ex-1 Appendix Summary................................................................. xiii
I-1 Fixed Site Information and Equipment
Considerations .......................................................................... I-3
III-1 JRAC Specific Responsibilities .............................................. III-3
III-2 NBC Defense Requirements Example ................................... III-7
A-1 UJTL Task Analysis Persian Gulf Example...........................A-3
B-1 NBC Defense Equipment ........................................................B-1
B-2 Chemical Company (Heavy Division)
Organic NBC Equipment ........................................................B-4
B-3 Chemical Company (Smoke/Decontamination)
Airborne/Air Assault Organic NBC Equipment .....................B-5
B-4 Chemical Company (Recon/Decon) ACR
Organic NBC Equipment ........................................................B-6
B-5 Chemical Company (Smoke/Decontamination/
Reconnaissance) ACR Organic NBC Equipment....................B-6
B-6 Chemical Company (Smoke/Decon) Corps/ASCC
Organic NBC Equipment ........................................................B-7
B-7 Chemical Company (NBC Reconnaissance) Corps/ASCC
Organic NBC Defense Equipment ..........................................B-8
B-8 Chemical Company (Biological Detection) Corps Organic
NBC Defense Equipment ........................................................B-9
B-9 Additional NBC Defense Equipment
From Other Army Units........................................................B-10
B-10 Air Force NBC Defense Equipment and
Special Teams........................................................................B-11
B-11 Navy NBC Defense Equipment.............................................B-13
B-12 CBIRF NBC Defense Equipment..........................................B-15
B-13 PSU NBC Defense Equipment..............................................B-17
B-14 NSF NBC Defense Equipment..............................................B-18
B-15 Portal Shield Elements .........................................................B-18
B-16 NBC Defense Equipment: CANADA ....................................B-19
B-17 NBC Defense Equipment: FRANCE.....................................B-20
B-18 NBC Defense Equipment: GERMANY .................................B-21
B-19 NBC Defense Equipment: ITALY .........................................B-24
B-20 NBC Defense Equipment: UNITED KINGDOM..................B-24
B-21 NBC Defense Equipment: ISRAEL.......................................B-25
B-22 NBC Defense Equipment: SWEDEN....................................B-26
B-23 NBC Defense Covers .............................................................B-27
C-1 Biological Vulnerability Matrix...............................................C-7
C-2 GB Casualties ........................................................................C-12
C-3 Thickened Soman (TGD) or VX Casualties ..........................C-12
C-4 Blister Agent Casualties .......................................................C-12
C-5 Vulnerability Assessment Tool (Example)............................C-14
D-1 Site Survey NBC Defense Checklist (Example) .....................D-4
D-2 Recommended NBC Defense Site Setup (Beddown)
Priorities Checklist................................................................D-10
D-3 Mission Analysis (Example)..................................................D-19
D-4 Factors Affecting NBC Defense Plans ..................................D-21
G-1 Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances
(Example from NAERG)........................................................ G-2
G-2 Example Hazard Response Guide
(Mixed Load/Unidentified Cargo) .......................................... G-3
H-1 Facilities Decontamination .....................................................H-6
H-2 Radiological Contamination Removal Methods......................H-7
H-3 Radiological Decontamination Equipment .............................H-7
H-4 Radiological Decontamination—Fixed Site Facilities ............H-7
H-5 Chemical Decontaminants for Biological Agents ...................H-9
H-6 Biological Agent Decontamination Methods.........................H-10
H-7 Decontaminants for Toxic Chemical Warfare
Agents ....................................................................................H-10
H-8 Chemical Contamination−Facilities Decontamination ........H-11
H-9 Road/Surface Decontamination.............................................H-12
I-1 Airborne Exposure Limits ........................................................ I-2
I-1-1 Low-Level Chemical Agent Detectors, Sensitivities,
and Response Times .............................................................. I-1-2
J-1 NBC Shelter Elements ............................................................ J-9
J-2 Protection-In-Place Options .................................................. J-11


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