Publication Title:                   Multiservice Potential Military Chemical/Biological Compounds
Publication/revision date:    10 JAN 2005
Field Manual:                        FM 3-11.09
                                               MCRP 3-37.1B
                                               NTRP 3-11.32
                                               AFTTP(I) 3-2.55

   Supersedes:                      FM 3-09, 12 DEC 1990
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER

FORWARD

PREFACE

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

Background

Threat

Militarily Significant Aspects of Toxic Chemical Agents

Militarily Significant Aspects of Biological Agents

Militarily Significant Aspects of Toxic Industrial Chemicals

CHAPTER II CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS AND THEIR PROPERTIES

Background

Definitions of Selected Physical and Chemical Properties

Definitions of Toxicity-Related Terms

Choking Agents

Nerve Agents

Blood Agents

Blister Agents (Vesicants)

Incapacitating Agents

Chemical Warfare Agent Precursors

Other Chemical Warfare Agents

CHAPTER III MILITARY CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS AND THEIR PROPERTIES

Background

Riot Control Agents (Tear-Producing Compounds)

Respiratory Irritants

Obsolete Riot Control Agents

Smokes, Obscurants, and Incendiaries

CHAPTER IV BIOLOGICAL AGENTS AND THEIR PROPERTIES

Background

Bacterial Agents of Potential Concern

Rickettsiae of Potential Concern

Viral Agents of Potential Concern

Toxins of Potential Concern

CHAPTER V TOXIC INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS AND THEIR PROPERTIES

Background

Other Information Sources

Reach-Back Capability

APPENDIX A TABLE OF EQUIVALENTS

APPENDIX B TEMPERATURE CONVERSIONS

APPENDIX C PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS

APPENDIX D CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION SCHEDULE 1, 2,
AND 3 CHEMICALS

APPENDIX E CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENT PRECURSOR CHEMICALS:
USES AND EQUIVALENTS

APPENDIX F CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS AND OTHER MILITARY
CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS

APPENDIX G PROPERTIES OF CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS AND MILITARY
CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS

APPENDIX H TOXICITY PROFILE ESTIMATES

Background

Choking Agents

Nerve Agents

Blood Agents

Blister Agents

Respiratory Irritants

APPENDIX I PROPERTIES OF SELECTED BIOLOGICAL AGENTS

APPENDIX J SELECTED ANIMAL PATHOGENS

Background

Animal Diseases

APPENDIX K SELECTED PLANT PATHOGENS

Background

Bacterial Diseases

Fungal Diseases

Viral Diseases

APPENDIX L DISSEMINATION OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS

Background

Inhalation or Aerosol Route of Entry

Percutaneous Route of Entry

Oral Route of Entry

Covert Dissemination

REFERENCES

GLOSSARY

AUTHENTICATION

FIGURES II-1 The TLE Effect on the Ct Profile

II-2 Ct Profile for Dosage versus Exposure Duration

G-1 Vapor Pressure of Choking Agents

G-2 Vapor Pressure of Nerve Agents

G-3 Vapor Pressure of Blood Agents

G-4 Vapor Pressure of Blister Agents

G-5 Vapor Pressure of Incapacitating Agents (BZ)

G-6 Vapor Pressure of Riot Control Agents (Capsaicin)

G-7 Vapor Pressure of Respiratory Irritants

H-1 GA Vapor: Dosage versus Exposure Duration

H-2 GA Vapor: Concentration versus Exposure
Duration

H-3 GB Vapor: Dosage versus Exposure Duration

H-4 GB Vapor: Concentration versus Exposure
Duration

H-5 GD Vapor: Dosage versus Exposure Duration

H-6 GD Vapor: Concentration versus Exposure
Duration

H-7 GF Vapor: Dosage versus Exposure Duration

H-8 GF Vapor: Concentration versus Exposure
Duration

H-9 VX Vapor: Dosage versus Exposure Duration

H-10 VX Vapor: Concentration versus Exposure
Duration

H-11 HD Vapor: Dosage versus Exposure Duration

H-12 HD Vapor: Concentration Versus Exposure
Duration.

TABLES II-1 List of Selected CW Agents and Precursors

II-2 CG

II-3 CG Toxicity Estimates

II-4 DP

II-5 DP Toxicity Estimates

II-6 GA

II-7 GA Toxicity Estimates

II-8 GB

II-9 GB Toxicity Estimates

II-10 GD

II-11 GD Toxicity Estimates

II-12 GF

II-13 GF Toxicity Estimates

II-14 VX

II-15 VX Toxicity Estimates

II-16 Vx

II-17 Vx Toxicity Estimates

II-18 AC

II-19 AC Toxicity Estimates

II-20 CK

II-21 CK Toxicity Estimates

II-22 SA

II-23 SA Toxicity Estimates

II-24 HD

II-25 HD Toxicity Estimates

II-26 HN-1

II-27 HN-1 Toxicity Estimates

II-28 HN-2

II-29 HN-2 Toxicity Estimates

II-30 HN-3

II-31 HN-3 Toxicity Estimates

II-32 HT

II-33 HT Toxicity Estimates

II-34 L

II-35 L Toxicity Estimates

II-36 HL

II-37 HL Toxicity Estimates

II-38 PD

II-39 PD Toxicity Estimates

II-40 ED

II-41 ED Toxicity Estimates

II-42 MD

II-43 MD Toxicity Estimates

II-44 CX

II-45 CX Toxicity Estimates

II-46 BZ

II-47 BZ Toxicity Estimates

II-48 Correlation of Symptoms and Incapacitating
Agent Family

II-49 DF

II-50 DF Toxicity Estimates

II-51 QL

II-52 QL Toxicity Estimates

II-53 OPA

II-54 OPA Toxicity Estimates

II-55 NE

II-56 NE Toxicity Estimates

II-57 NM (Containing Elemental Sulfur)

II-58 NM Toxicity Estimates

II-59 Other CW Agents

III-1 List of Selected Military Chemical Compounds

III-2 CS

III-3 CS Toxicity Estimates

III-4 CR

III-5 CR Toxicity Estimates

III-6 OC

III-7 OC Toxicity Estimates

III-8 DM

III-9 DM Toxicity Estimates

III-10 DA

III-11 DA Toxicity Estimates

III-12 DC

III-13 DC Toxicity Estimates

III-14 Cl2

III-15 Cl2 Toxicity Estimates

III-16 CN

III-17 ZnCl2

III-18 WP

III-19 TiO2

III-20 Synthetic Graphite

III-21 SGF-2

IV-1 List of Potential BW Agents

IV-2 Animal and Plant Pathogens with Potential
BW Applications

V-1 Accidents Involving Hazardous Substances

A-1 Table of Equivalents

A-2 Table of Commonly Used Prefixes

B-1 Temperature Conversions


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