Aeromedical Training for Flight Personnel

 

Publication Title:                   Aeromedical Training for Flight Personnel
Publication/revision date:    29 SEP 2000
Field Manual:                        FM 3-4.301
   Supersedes:                      FM 3-04.301 (1-301), 29 May 1987.
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
Table of Contents
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PREFACE
Chapter 1 TRAINING PROGRAMS
Training Requirements
Aeromedical Training in Specific Courses
Hypobaric Refresher Training
Special Training by Other Services
Unit Training
Responsibilities
Revalidation and Waiver
Training Record
Chapter 2 ALTITUDE PHYSIOLOGY
Section I — Atmosphere
Physical Characteristics of the Atmosphere
Structure of the Atmosphere
Composition of the Atmosphere
Atmospheric Pressure
Physiological Zones of the Atmosphere
Section II — Circulatory System
Structure and Function of the Circulatory System
Components and Functions of Blood
Section III — Respiratory System
The Processes of Breathing and Respiration
Functions of Respiration
Phases of External Respiration
Components of the Respiratory System
Section IV — Hypoxia
Characteristics of Hypoxia
Types of Hypoxia
Signs, Symptoms, and Susceptibility to Hypoxia
Effects of Hypoxia
Stages of Hypoxic Hypoxia
Prevention of Hypoxic Hypoxia
Treatment of Hypoxia
Section V — Hyperventilation
Characteristics of Hyperventilation
Causes of Hyperventilation
Signs and Symptoms of Hyperventilation
Treatment of Hyperventilation
Section VI — Pressure-Change Effects
Dysbarism
Trapped-Gas Disorders
Evolved-Gas Disorders
Chapter 3 STRESS AND FATIGUE IN FLYING OPERATIONS
Stress Defined
Identifying Stressors
The Stress Response
Stress and Performance
Stress Management
Fatigue
Effects of Fatigue on Performance
Diurnal (Circadian) Rhythms and Fatigue
The Sleep Cycle
Sleep Requirements
Prevention of Fatigue
Treatment of Fatigue
Chapter 4 GRAVITATIONAL FORCES
Terms of Acceleration
Types of Acceleration
Gravitational Forces
Factors Affecting Accelerative Forces
Physiological Effects of Low-Magnitude Acceleration
Physiological Effects of +Gz Acceleration
Physiological Effects of -Gz Acceleration
Physiological Effects of +/-Gz Acceleration
Physiological Effects of +/-Gy Acceleration
Physiological Effects of High-Magnitude Acceleration and Deceleration
Preventive Measures
Chapter 5 TOXIC HAZARDS IN AVIATION
Section I — Aviation Toxicology Principles
Environment
Acute Toxicity
Chronic Toxicity
Time and Dose Relationship
Physiochemical Factors
Entry Points
Preexisting Conditions
Individual Variability
Allowable Degree of Bodily Impairment
Body Detoxification
Section II — Aircraft Atmosphere Contamination
Contamination Overview
Exhaust Gases
Carbon Monoxide
Aviation Gasoline
Tetraethyl Lead in Aviation Gasoline
Jet Propulsion Fuels
Hydraulic Fluid Vapors
Coolant Fluid Vapors
Engine Lubricants
Fire-Extinguishing Agents
Fluorocarbon Plastics
Oxygen Contamination
Protective Measures
Chapter 6 EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE EXTREMES ON THE HUMAN BODY
Section I — Heat in the Aviation Environment
Heat Effects
Heat Transfer
Performance Impairment
Heat-Stress Prevention
In-Flight Heat-Stress Reduction
Section II — Cold
Cold Effects in the Aviation Environment
Types and Treatment of Cold Injury
Cold-Injury Prevention
Chapter 7 NOISE AND VIBRATION IN ARMY AVIATION
Noise Characteristics and Effects
Sound and Vibrational Measurement
Noise and Hearing Levels
Vibrational Effects
Hearing Loss
Hearing Protection and Reduction of Vibrational Threat
Preventive Measures
Chapter 8 PRINCIPLES AND PROBLEMS OF VISION
Visual Deficiencies
Anatomy and Physiology of the Eye
Types of Vision
Factors Affecting Object Visibility
Dark Adaptation
Night-Vision Protection
Night-Vision Techniques
Distance Estimation and Depth Perception
Visual Illusions
Meteorological Conditions and Night Vision
Self-Imposed Stress and Vision
Nerve Agents and Night Vision
Flight Hazards
Protective Measures
Principles of Proper Vision
Chapter 9 SPATIAL DISORIENTATION
Common Terms of Spatial Disorientation
Types of Spatial Disorientation
Equilibrium Maintenance
Visual Illusions
Vestibular Illusions
Proprioceptive Illusions
Prevention of Spatial Disorientation
Treatment of Spatial Disorientation
Chapter 10 OXYGEN EQUIPMENT AND CABIN PRESSURIZATION
Oxygen Systems
Storage Systems
Oxygen Regulators
Oxygen Masks
Oxygen-Equipment Checklist
Cabin Pressurization
Appendix HYPOBARIC CHAMBER FLIGHT PROFILES
GLOSSARY
BIBLIOGRAPHY
AUTHENTICATION

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