Aviation Brigades

 

Publication Title:                   Aviation Brigrades
Publication/revision date:    21 AUG 2003
Field Manual:                        FM 3-04.111
   Supersedes:                      FM 1-111, 27 OCT 1997
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

CONTENTS
PREFACE................................................................................................................... x
Chapter 1 FUNDAMENTALS, MISSIONS, ORGANIZATION.................................................. 1-1
Section I – General ................................................................................................. 1-1
Brigade Types .......................................................................................................... 1-1
Organization ............................................................................................................. 1-2
Brigade Missions ...................................................................................................... 1-2
Fundamentals........................................................................................................... 1-3
Training..................................................................................................................... 1-5
Section II – Corps Aviation Brigade ..................................................................... 1-6
Corps Aviation Brigade Mission .............................................................................. 1-6
Corps Aviation Brigade Organization ...................................................................... 1-6
Corps Aviation Brigade Fundamentals .................................................................... 1-6
Section III – Attack Helicopter Regiment (Corps Aviation Brigade).................. 1-7
Corps Attack Helicopter Regiment Mission ............................................................. 1-7
Corps Attack Helicopter Regiment Organization...................................................... 1-8
Corps Attack Helicopter Regiment Fundamentals ................................................... 1-8
Section IV – Aviation Group (Corps Aviation Brigade) ...................................... 1-9
Aviation Group Mission............................................................................................. 1-9
Aviation Group Organization .................................................................................... 1-9
Aviation Group Fundamentals................................................................................ 1-10
Section V – Division Aviation Brigade (Heavy Division) ...................................1-10
Aviation Brigade (Heavy Division) Mission..............................................................1-10
Aviation Brigade (Heavy Division) Organization..................................................... 1-10
Aviation Brigade (Heavy Division) Fundamentals .................................................. 1-11
Section VI – Division Aviation Brigade (Light Division) ................................... 1-12
Aviation Brigade (Light Division) Mission ............................................................... 1-12
Aviation Brigade (Light Division) Organization....................................................... 1-13
Aviation Brigade (Light Division) Fundamentals .................................................... 1-13
Section VII – Division Aviation Brigade (Airborne Division) ........................... 1-14
Aviation Brigade (Airborne Division) Mission......................................................... 1-14
Aviation Brigade (Airborne Division) Organization................................................. 1-14
Aviation Brigade (Airborne Division) Fundamentals .............................................. 1-15
Section VIII – Attack Helicopter Brigade (Air Assault Division)...................... 1-15
Attack Helicopter Brigade (Air Assault Division) Mission....................................... 1-15
Attack Helicopter Brigade (Air Assault Division) Organization .............................. 1-16
Attack Helicopter Brigade (Air Assault Division) Fundamentals ............................ 1-17
Section IX – Air Assault Brigade (Air Assault Division)................................... 1-17
Air Assault Brigade (Air Assault Division) Mission................................................. 1-17
Air Assault Brigade (Air Assault Division) Organization......................................... 1-18
Air Assault Brigade (Air Assault Division) Fundamentals ...................................... 1-18
Section X – Theater Aviation Brigade................................................................ 1-19
Theater Aviation Brigade Mission .......................................................................... 1-19
Theater Aviation Brigade Organization.................................................................. 1-19
Theater Aviation Brigade Fundamentals................................................................ 1-20
Section XI – Division Combat Support Aviation Brigade................................. 1-20
Division Combat Support Aviation Brigade Mission............................................... 1-20
Division Combat Support Aviation Brigade Organization ...................................... 1-20
Division Combat Support Aviation Brigade Fundamentals.................................... 1-21
Section XII – Army Special Operations Aviation Regiment............................. 1-21
Organization........................................................................................................... 1-21
Fundamentals ........................................................................................................ 1-22
Chapter 2 BATTLEFIELD DYNAMICS AND FRAMEWORK.................................................. 2-0
Section I – Key Operational Considerations ....................................................... 2-0
Introduction .............................................................................................................. 2-0
Decisive, Shaping, and Sustaining Operations........................................................ 2-0
Nonlinear Operations ............................................................................................... 2-2
Linear Operations..................................................................................................... 2-4
Rules of Engagement, Rules of Interaction ............................................................. 2-6
Section II – Battlefield Operating Systems ......................................................... 2-6
Intelligence Battlefield Operating System................................................................ 2-6
Maneuver Battlefield Operating System .................................................................. 2-8
Fire Support Battlefield Operating System .............................................................. 2-8
Air Defense Battlefield Operating System ............................................................... 2-9
Mobility/Countermobility/Survivability Battlefield Operating System........................ 2-9
Combat Service Support Battlefield Operating System......................................... 2-10
Command and Control Battlefield Operating System............................................ 2-10
Section III – Operations........................................................................................ 2-10
Characteristics of Operations ................................................................................. 2-10
Considerations for Nonlinear Operations ............................................................... 2-11
Planning Considerations......................................................................................... 2-12
Chapter 3 BATTLE COMMAND……………………………………………………………...……… 3-0
Section I – General ................................................................................................. 3-0
Concept of Battle Command .................................................................................... 3-0
Section II – Command and Control....................................................................... 3-1
Command and Control System ................................................................................ 3-1
Command and Support Relationships...................................................................... 3-2
Planning.................................................................................................................... 3-4
Military Decision-Making Process ............................................................................ 3-5
Decide, Detect, Deliver, Assess Methodology ......................................................... 3-6
Integration of the Decide, Detect, Deliver, Assess Process into the Decision-
Making Process ...................................................................................................... 3-11
Aviation Mission Planning System ......................................................................... 3-12
Battle Rhythm......................................................................................................... 3-15
Standing Operating Procedures Utilization ............................................................ 3-17
Pilots' Briefs ............................................................................................................ 3-17
Section III – Rehearsals ....................................................................................... 3-18
General................................................................................................................... 3-18
Rehearsal Sequence and Attendance.................................................................... 3-18
Rehearsal Question Resolution.............................................................................. 3-19
Conflict Resolution at the Rehearsal ...................................................................... 3-20
Rehearsal Completion ............................................................................................ 3-20
Section IV – Split-Based Operations .................................................................. 3-20
Section V – Command and Staff Responsibilities ............................................ 3-20
Brigade Commander .............................................................................................. 3-20
Deputy Brigade Commander (Corps Aviation Brigade) ......................................... 3-22
Executive Officer .....................................................................................................3-22
Assistant Aviation Officer........................................................................................ 3-23
Command Sergeant Major ..................................................................................... 3-23
Brigade Staff Elements........................................................................................... 3-23
Adjutant................................................................................................................... 3-25
Intelligence Officer.................................................................................................. 3-25
Operations Officer .................................................................................................. 3-25
Chemical Officer ..................................................................................................... 3-26
Air Liaison Officer ................................................................................................... 3-26
Division Liaison Officer ........................................................................................... 3-26
Brigade Liaison Officer ........................................................................................... 3-27
Liaison Officers to the Brigade............................................................................... 3-27
Brigade Standardization Instructor Pilot ................................................................ 3-27
Brigade Safety Officer............................................................................................ 3-28
Brigade Tactical Operations Officer ....................................................................... 3-28
Brigade Air Traffic Services Officer........................................................................ 3-28
Brigade Aviation Life Support Officer..................................................................... 3-28
Logistics Officer...................................................................................................... 3-29
Civil-Military Operations Officer ............................................................................. 3-30
Communications-Electronics Officer...................................................................... 3-30
Chaplain and Unit Ministry Team........................................................................... 3-31
Engineer Officer ..................................................................................................... 3-31
Fire Support Officer................................................................................................ 3-31
Flight Surgeon........................................................................................................ 3-31
Headquarters and Headquarters Company Elements........................................... 3-32
Section VI – Brigade Command and Control Facilities.................................... 3-33
General .................................................................................................................. 3-33
Main Command Post.............................................................................................. 3-36
Main Command Post Site Selection ...................................................................... 3-38
Main Command Post Displacement....................................................................... 3-38
Tactical Operations Center .................................................................................... 3-41
Administrative and Logistics Operations Center.................................................... 3-43
Rear Command Post.............................................................................................. 3-45
Alternate Command Post....................................................................................... 3-45
Command Group.................................................................................................... 3-45
Section VII – Command, Control, Communications, Computers,
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance.............................................. 3-45
Overview ................................................................................................................ 3-45
Communications .................................................................................................... 3-47
Means of Communication ...................................................................................... 3-49
Section VIII – Communications Nets.................................................................. 3-52
Amplitude Modulation/Frequency Modulation Radio Nets..................................... 3-52
Standard Army Management Information Systems Nets....................................... 3-55
Army Battle Command System Nets ..................................................................... 3-55
Chapter 4 COMMON OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES .......................................................... 4-0
Section I – Fundamentals...................................................................................... 4-0
General .................................................................................................................... 4-0
Time Required to Plan ............................................................................................. 4-0
Warning Order.......................................................................................................... 4-0
Commander's Critical Information Requirements .................................................... 4-1
Common Planning Process ..................................................................................... 4-1
Situational Awareness.............................................................................................. 4-2
Types of Operations ................................................................................................. 4-3
Common Terms........................................................................................................ 4-5
Aviation Brigade Operations................................................................................... 4-10
Section II – Planning Considerations ................................................................. 4-14
General................................................................................................................... 4-14
Enemy..................................................................................................................... 4-14
Terrain and Weather............................................................................................... 4-15
Troops and Support Available ................................................................................ 4-16
Time Available ........................................................................................................ 4-17
Civil Considerations................................................................................................ 4-17
Media Presence...................................................................................................... 4-17
Planning Models ......................................................................................................4-18
Brigade and Subordinate Planning Responsibilities .............................................. 4-18
Section III – Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Weapons ............................... 4-24
Contamination Avoidance....................................................................................... 4-25
Protective Measures............................................................................................... 4-25
Section IV – Special Environments .................................................................... 4-26
Urbanized Terrain................................................................................................... 4-26
Mountains and High Altitude Terrain...................................................................... 4-26
Snow, Ice, Extreme Cold Weather ......................................................................... 4-26
Jungles ................................................................................................................... 4-27
Deserts ................................................................................................................... 4-27
Over-Water Operations .......................................................................................... 4-27
Smoke and Obscurants .......................................................................................... 4-27
Section V – Shipboard Operations .................................................................... 4-28
Section VI – Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operations........................................... 4-28
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle in Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target
Acquisition Operations............................................................................................ 4-28
Concepts of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and Aviation Brigade Cooperative
Employment............................................................................................................ 4-28
Section VII – Instrument Flight Proficiency ....................................................... 4-30
Air Movement/Self-Deployment.............................................................................. 4-31
Inadvertent Instrument Meteorological Conditions................................................. 4-31
Ground Attack......................................................................................................... 4-31
Section VIII – Formation Flight............................................................................ 4-31
Planning Considerations......................................................................................... 4-31
Section IX – Reconstitution................................................................................. 4-32
Overview................................................................................................................. 4-32
Chapter 5 EMPLOYMENT ........................................................................................................ 5-0
Section I – General................................................................................................. 5-0
Section II – Corps Aviation Brigade..................................................................... 5-0
Overview .................................................................................................................. 5-0
Task Organization Considerations........................................................................... 5-0
Airfields .................................................................................................................... 5-1
How to Fight ............................................................................................................. 5-1
Section III – Corps Attack Helicopter Regiment ................................................. 5-4
Overview .................................................................................................................. 5-4
Task Organization Considerations........................................................................... 5-4
How to Fight ............................................................................................................. 5-4
Section IV – Corps Aviation Group ...................................................................... 5-8
Overview .................................................................................................................. 5-8
Task Organization Considerations........................................................................... 5-8
How to Fight ............................................................................................................. 5-9
Section V – Division Aviation Brigade (Heavy Division).................................. 5-13
Overview ................................................................................................................ 5-13
Task Organization Considerations......................................................................... 5-13
How to Fight ........................................................................................................... 5-13
Section VI – Division Aviation Brigade (Light Division)................................... 5-17
Overview ................................................................................................................ 5-17
Task Organization Considerations......................................................................... 5-17
How to Fight ........................................................................................................... 5-18
Section VII – Division Aviation Brigade (Airborne) .......................................... 5-22
Overview ................................................................................................................ 5-22
Task Organization Considerations......................................................................... 5-22
How to Fight ........................................................................................................... 5-23
Section VIII – Attack Helicopter Brigade (Air Assault Division)...................... 5-28
Overview ................................................................................................................ 5-28
Task Organization Considerations......................................................................... 5-28
How to Fight ........................................................................................................... 5-28
Section IX – Air Assault Brigade (Air Assault Division)................................... 5-32
Overview ................................................................................................................ 5-32
Task Organization Considerations......................................................................... 5-33
How to Fight ........................................................................................................... 5-33
Section X – Theater Aviation Brigade................................................................ 5-37
Overview ................................................................................................................ 5-37
Task Organization Considerations......................................................................... 5-37
Airfields .................................................................................................................. 5-37
How to Fight ........................................................................................................... 5-38
Section XI – Division Combat Support Aviation Brigade ................................ 5-40
Overview................................................................................................................. 5-40
Task Organization Considerations ......................................................................... 5-40
How to Fight ........................................................................................................... 5-40
Section XII – Army Special Operations Aviation Regiment ............................. 5-42
Chapter 6 OTHER TACTICAL OPERATIONS......................................................................... 6-1
Section I – Passage Of Lines and Battle Handover ............................................ 6-1
Passage of Lines ...................................................................................................... 6-1
Battle Handover........................................................................................................ 6-3
Section II – Air Combat Operations ...................................................................... 6-4
Planning Considerations........................................................................................... 6-4
Army Aircraft Weapons Capabilities in Air Combat.................................................. 6-5
Section III – Deception Operations ....................................................................... 6-6
Feint.......................................................................................................................... 6-6
Demonstration .......................................................................................................... 6-6
Section IV – Search and Attack Operations......................................................... 6-7
Aviation's Role.......................................................................................................... 6-7
Elements of Search and Attack ................................................................................ 6-7
Command and Control ............................................................................................. 6-8
Section V – Raids ................................................................................................... 6-8
Section VI – Joint Air Attack Team Employment .............................................. 6-10
Section VII – Operations in Urbanized Terrain .................................................. 6-10
Conducting Operations in Urbanized Terrain ......................................................... 6-10
Planning and Execution of Urban Operations ........................................................ 6-11
Section VIII – Stability and Support Operations ............................................... 6-12
General................................................................................................................... 6-12
Categories of Operations........................................................................................ 6-12
Support Operations ................................................................................................ 6-16
Stability and Support Operations Planning Considerations ................................... 6-17
Force Protection ..................................................................................................... 6-18
Rules of Engagement............................................................................................. 6-18
Host Nation Considerations.................................................................................... 6-18
Chapter 7 COMBAT SUPPORT ............................................................................................... 7-1
Section I – Military Intelligence ............................................................................. 7-1
Enablers.................................................................................................................... 7-1
Counter-Intelligence ................................................................................................. 7-1
Electronic Warfare .................................................................................................... 7-1
Section II – Fire Support ........................................................................................ 7-2
Planning.................................................................................................................... 7-2
Close Air Support ..................................................................................................... 7-8
Naval Surface Fire Support...................................................................................... 7-9
Section III – Air Defense ...................................................................................... 7-10
Planning and Employment ..................................................................................... 7-10
Active Air Defense.................................................................................................. 7-13
Passive Air Defense............................................................................................... 7-13
Section IV – Engineer Support ........................................................................... 7-14
Planning Considerations ........................................................................................ 7-14
Functions................................................................................................................ 7-14
Section V – Military Police Support.................................................................... 7-15
Battlefield Missions ................................................................................................ 7-15
Section VI – Psychological Operations ............................................................. 7-16
General .................................................................................................................. 7-16
Aviation in Psychological Operations..................................................................... 7-16
Section VII – Civil Affairs Support...................................................................... 7-17
General .................................................................................................................. 7-17
Aviation in Civil Affairs Operations......................................................................... 7-17
Section VIII – Air Force Weather Team Support ............................................... 7-17
Weather Teams...................................................................................................... 7-17
Chapter 8 COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT.............................................................................. 8-0
Section I – Overview.............................................................................................. 8-0
Sustainment Imperatives ......................................................................................... 8-0
Fundamentals of Support......................................................................................... 8-1
Combat Service Support Functions ......................................................................... 8-2
Section II – Supply and Materiel Operations....................................................... 8-4
Methods of Distribution ............................................................................................ 8-5
Materiel Management Centers................................................................................. 8-5
Requisition and Distribution of Supplies .................................................................. 8-6
Support by Host Nation............................................................................................ 8-9
Section III – Maintenance Principles .................................................................... 8-9
Section IV – Vehicle and Ground Equipment Maintenance and Recovery ...... 8-9
Maintenance Support Structure ............................................................................... 8-9
Vehicle and Equipment Recovery Procedures ...................................................... 8-10
Section V – Aviation Maintenance Operations ................................................ 8-10
Management Balance ............................................................................................ 8-11
Support System Structure...................................................................................... 8-11
Section VI – Aircraft Recovery, Evacuation, and Battle Damage
Assessment and Repair ..................................................................................... 8-14
Battlefield Management of Damaged Aircraft ........................................................ 8-14
Section VII – Aviation Life Support System ..................................................... 8-16
General................................................................................................................... 8-16
Aviation Life Support System Maintenance Management and Training
Program Considerations......................................................................................... 8-16
Section VIII – Standard Army Management Information Systems
Architecture .......................................................................................................... 8-17
Standard Army Retail Supply System-Objective.................................................... 8-17
Unit-Level Logistics Systems.................................................................................. 8-18
Standard Army Maintenance System..................................................................... 8-18
Integrated Logistics Analysis Program................................................................... 8-19
Defense Automatic Addressing System................................................................. 8-19
Section IX – Safety ................................................................................................8-19
Accident Causes..................................................................................................... 8-20
Safety Regulations ................................................................................................. 8-20
Responsibilities....................................................................................................... 8-21
Safety...................................................................................................................... 8-21
Appendix A RISK MANAGEMENT............................................................................................. A-1
Appendix B TACTICAL STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES CONSIDERATIONS........ B-1
Appendix C DEPLOYMENT........................................................................................................ C-1
Appendix D ASSEMBLY AREA OPERATIONS/ROAD MARCH .............................................. D-1
Appendix E COMMUNICATIONS............................................................................................... E-0
Appendix F ARMING AND REFUELING OPERATIONS ........................................................... F-0
Appendix G ARMY AIRSPACE COMMAND AND CONTROL .................................................. G-1
Appendix H UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE CONSIDERATIONS........................................... H-0
Appendix I AIRCRAFT CHARACTERISTICS............................................................................. I-0
Appendix J AIRCRAFT SURVIVABILITY................................................................................... J-0
Appendix K DIGITIZATION......................................................................................................... K-1
Appendix L ARMY AIRBORNE COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM................................... L-0
Appendix M MEDIA CONSIDERATIONS ................................................................................... M-1
Appendix N RULES OF ENGAGEMENT.................................................................................... N-1
Appendix O ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS ............................................................... O-1
Appendix P JOINT AIR ATTACK TEAM OPERATIONS........................................................... P-1
Appendix Q AIR-GROUND INTEGRATION ............................................................................... Q-1
Appendix R URBAN OPERATIONS........................................................................................... R-0
GLOSSARY ................................................................................................ Glossary-1
BIBLIOGRAPHY....................................................................................Bibliography-1
INDEX................................................................................................................Index-1

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