Chemical & Biological Contamination Avoidance

 

Publication Title:                   Chemical & Biological Contamination Avoidance
Publication/revision date:    29 SEP 1994
Field Manual:                        FM 3-3
                                               FMFM 11-17
   Supersedes:                      FM 3-3, 30 SEP 1986
Distribution Restriction:       Approved for public release, distribution unlimited (public domain manuals)

Contents:
Table of Contents
Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1 Vulnerability Analysis

The IPB Process

CB Threat Status

Chemical Vulnerability Analysis

Biological Vulnerability Analysis

Vulnerability Reduction

Active Measures

Passive Measures

Chapter 2 NBC Warning and Reporting System (NBCWRS)

Standard NBC Reports

NBC 1 Report

Initial Use Report

NBC 2 Report

NBC 3 Report

NBC 4 Report

NBC 5 Report

NBC 6 Report

Managing the NBC Warning and Reporting System

Collecting CB Information

Monitoring, Survey, and Reconnaissance Data

Evaluating CB Information

Unit Procedures

NBCC Procedures

Transmitting CB Information

Actions at Unit Level

Battalion Level

Brigade/Task Force Level

NBCC Level

Chemical Attack Warning (CHEMWARN)

Automated Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Information System (ANBACIS)

Chapter 3 Chemical Agents

Types of Chemical Agents

Persistent

Nonpersistent

Detection and Identification

Automatic Chemical Agent Alarm

Chemical Agent Monitor

Individual Chemical Agent Detector (ICAD)

ABC-M8 Chemical Agent Detector Paper

M9 Chemical Agent Detector Paper

M256 Series Chemical Agent Detector Kit

M272 Water Testking Kit, Chemical Agents

FOX, XM93, NBC Reconnaissance System (NBCRS)

Remote Sensing Chemical Agent Alarm XM21 (RSCAAL)

Reporting

Data Evaluation

Chemical Downwind Message

Preparing the Chemical Downwind Message

Atmospheric Stability Charts

Temperature Gradients

Simplified Hazard Prediction

Duration of Agent

Chemical Downwind Hazard Prediction

Type of Attack

Air-Contaminating Agents-Type A

Ground-Contaminating Agents-Type B

Plotting the Downwind Hazard-Type A

Plotting the Downwind Hazard-Type B

Adjusted Hazard Prediction

Time of Arrival

Chemical Hazard Prediction at Sea

General Procedures

Naval Chemical Downwind Message (NAV CDM)

Naval Chemical Downwind Hazard Prediction Simplified Procedure

Determination of the Hazard Area

Naval Detailed Chemical Downwind Hazard Prediction

Determination of the Downwind Hazard Area.

Chemical Prediction Data Sheet

Avoidance Procedures

Vehicle Operations

Helicopter Operations

Chapter 4 Biological Agents

Pathogens

Bacteria

Viruses

Rickettsiae

Toxins

Characteristics of BW Agents Delayed Effects

Large Area Coverage

Control

Skin Penetration

Weather Effects on Biological Agents

Sunlight

Humidity

Wind

Temperature Gradient

Precipitation and Temperature

Windows of Vulnerability

Persistency of Biological Agents/Hazard

Use of Biological Agents Against US Forces

Using Intelligence Sources

Recognizing a Pattern of Employment

Recognizing Distinguishing Symptoms, Signs, and Effects

Dissemination Techniques and Avoidance Procedures

Aerosol Dissemination Procedures

Zones of Contamination

Aerosol Avoidance Procedures

Vector Dissemination Procedures

Vector Avoidance Procedures

Convert Dissemination and Avoidance Procedures

Warning and Reporting

Principles of Hazard Prediction

Simplified Downwind Hazard Prediction for Biological Agents (SBDWHP)

Hazard Prediction

Sampling

Evacuation of Biological Samples

Chapter 5 CB Reconnaissance, Monitoring, and Survey: Planning, Conducting, Recording, and Reporting

Location of Chemical Agents

Reconnaissance

Procedures

Recording and Reporting RECON Information

Monitoring

Surveys

Techniques

Recording and Reporting Procedures

Operational Aspects

Point Surveillance, Area Surveillance, and Reconnaissance

Contamination Marking

Standard Signs

Marking Contaminated Materiel

Biological Sampling

Types of Samples

Liquids

Vegetation

Soil

Ordnance

Priorities

Quantities

Sampling Equipment

Commercial Air Samplers

Employment

Modular Chemical and Biological Agent Sampling Kit (CBASK).

Where to Take Samples

How to Sample

GASES - Unbagged Pack

LIQUIDS - Unmarked Packs

Solid - Unmarked Packs

General Packaging Procedures

Sampling

Witness Interview

Acquisition Reporting

Evacuation of Samples

Chapter 6 Civilian Chemical Hazards

Appendix A CB Operational Situation Contamination Avoidance

Appendix B Biological Agents

Country Codes for Sample Reports

Appendix C Reproducible Forms

Glossary

References

Authentication

Media Format
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